essays bilingual education issues

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Essays bilingual education issues essay on indian freedom fighters

Essays bilingual education issues

This collaborative model of co-teaching would be much more effective if the core curriculum and language teachers devote time to discussing the materials and defining their common objectives and strategies. This model is less costly than the push-out lessons and can be used at schools with only a few second language learners Lacina et al. The push-in model has its advantages and disadvantages, which need to be taken into consideration before choosing this model for certain school environment.

The disadvantages of this model are the additional burden of collaborating and training for the teaching personnel, the lack of opportunities for the second language learners to practice their language skills at class because they can be ashamed of their peers speaking the majority language and the lack of individual instruction for the learners experiencing language difficulties.

The spread of the English language and its official status of the global language used for business, the opportunities of teaching English as a foreign language and promotion of bilingualism for the school curriculum are considered by a great number of governments. Most issues surrounding bilingual education system revolve around which model of bilingual education is most appropriate to be used.

Opponents of bilingual education programmes find significant fault in the way the programmes are structured. For instance, critics argue that learners who do not speak English are entrapped in programmes which, instead of teaching English, endeavour to retain the native language of the students. Then, the immigrant students were prohibited to speak their native language at school. The prejudicial attitude towards immigrants had a significant impact upon the debates concerning the bilingual education models.

This is especially so in times of war and to a lesser extend during times of economic hardships. Since language is very closely associated with national identity, immigrants are forced to even abandon their native languages during such times as a proof of their allegiance to their new country.

Yet another major issue surrounding bilingual education has a basis on unrealistic expectation of immediate results. The limitation of some studies is expecting second language learners to go through tasks which would be difficult even for the researchers themselves. The non-native English-speaking learners are unfairly expected to accomplish this while also learning other demanding academic subjects like science and mathematics.

Their second language proficiency is unfairly matched to that of their peers who happen to be native speakers of English. The discussion above clearly shows that immense opportunities accrue from bilingual education. Both native and non-native English-speaking learners are not only allowed to develop their oral and written skills in English, but they are also enabled to master academic content materials.

Initially showing lower academic achievements, students with bilingual learning background not only compensate for it in the course of time, but even surpass the academic progress of their peers. Moreover, Learners in bilingual education systems have been found to out-perform their peers in monolingual education programmes in both linguistics and general academics at advanced levels of learning.

All-in-all the benefits to bilingual education by far surpass their proven as well as perceived limitations. For this reason, authorities in increasingly multicultural societies thanks to globalisation should seriously consider introducing full bilingual education systems or, at least, incorporate major elements of bilingual education systems into the existing monolingual education system.

Baker, C. Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism. Belmont, MA: Multilingual Matters. Cummins, J. Garcia, O. Bilingual education in the 21st Century. Lacina, J. Childhood Education 87 2 , — Need a custom Research Paper sample written from scratch by professional specifically for you? The Benefits and Issues in Bilingual Education.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Policy. Table of Contents. Introduction Objectives of bilingual education Dimensions of bilingualism Benefits of Bilingual education Program models of bilingual education Issues surrounding bilingual education Conclusion References. Learn More. This research paper on The Benefits and Issues in Bilingual Education was written and submitted by your fellow student.

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Research has shown, however, that both arguments might be completely fallacious. In a study of bilingual vs. These findings, and the assumptions and assertions they refute, reflect some of the underlying fears residing in many who oppose the notion of bilingual education, as well as some of the concerns held by proponents of bilingual education programs. Opponents are often scared that their culture, whether it be the dominant one in their cultural surroundings or the minority -- or even, in the case of the Guatemalan study, the introduction of an additional language for the purposes of facilitating later success outside the immediate community -- will begin to lose itself in the other culture whose language is being taught Hu Supporters of bilingual education programs, meanwhile, are worried that those who do not speak the dominant language of the culture -- non-English speakers in the United States -- are automatically disenfranchising themselves by removing themselves from the major forums of political discussion and debate.

It comes down to an argument between assimilation vs. It is important to be able to retain a sense of cultural identity while at the same time engaging in a culture other than one's own -- especially if that culture happens to be the dominant one in a given location and therefore the primary operational guide to success in that community Krashen ; Mora It cannot be helped that one culture might be dominant over another, and though it is right to work towards making a dominant culture not merely tolerant of but actively engaged with other cultures it is wrong to expect one culture to entirely give way for another.

A proper educational system would ensure that all people are fully heard and understood. The study conducted in Guatemala proves that bilingual education provides just such a system. This means that they will be better heard both within their own nation and n the global community, not merely because they speak multiple languages but because they are better equipped to handle the complexities of the international community.

Their higher scores in Spanish mean that this enhanced possibility for achievement did not come at the cost of their own national and linguistic heritage. Bilingual education programs in the United States could lead to similar increases in the level of representation minority groups are able to avail themselves of, again without dramatic cost to their own ethnic, cultural, or linguistic heritage.

Thus, the arguments that claim bilingual education forces assimilation in either direction simply does not hold up to the empirical evidence available. The Real Cost of Bilingual Education It is less easy to refute the immensely more measurable practical concerns of many that are opposed to bilingual education.

There are several logistical impediments to the development and implementation of bilingual instructional practices, and regardless of the eventual benefits to the overall society through the increased enfranchisement of minority populations and enhanced opportunities for success internationally, these impediments can seem prohibitive to effective bilingual education programs. The practical problems facing bilingual education are not merely financial, either, but there are other concerns that can present serious and possibly insurmountable barriers to forming bilingual education programs in some communities.

The simple availability -- or lack thereof -- of teachers that are adequately prepared and trained for bilingual education programs is one of the biggest problems facing bilingual education program development in many countries CABE ; EPE Without instructors, it is quite obviously impossible to provide decent bilingual education courses. There is something of a catch inherent to this issue, as the development of bilingual education programs in elementary schools would result in much higher numbers of qualified available teachers, but the lack of such teachers today makes the formation of bilingual education classrooms difficult at best.

Training programs at universities do exist, but their expansion and an increased public profile would be of great benefit to the system by providing more qualified bilingual teachers and thus enabling more pervasive bilingual instruction Tucker Two Ordering Options:? September 11, Accessed July 22, Listen to our radio ad! Phone: Text super fast :

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My hometown is predominantly Hispanic, and in the area I live in is mostly Mexican. When one drives around the cracked streets of East Salinas, one can feel the strong presence of the Mexican culture. On one side, one can hear the man in a cowboy hat blasting Banda. Education has been in a crisis for a long time in America, but few can agree on a solution to this open-ended problem which debated by both experts and lay persons.

Federal and state policies need creation and enactment for targeted assistance to schools needing improvements, like low-income schools and public schools that are failing to meet the No Child Left Behind NCLB goals. Students deserve the best education possible, but there are many complicating. Besides the lack of influence on academic achievement and learning, a single-parent home environment may impact a child's behavior in school, which can directly affect both the.

In this essay, I will be exploring the implication of assessing culturally diverse students, and the challenges that an assessor may experience during the assessment process. It will then look at how I have been empowered through researching information and enriching my knowledge of the assessment process and the pedagogy of the group of students that I work with, through three modules that I have studied this year with the support of Chester University.

We live in an ever expanding diverse and multi-ethnic. With the common core state standards and the educational reform movement in general, the entire country needs to take a giant step back and look at the issues we are faced with. How did we get to this point? What do we do now?

Through explanation of the history of education, the common core, and possible outcomes of these standards, I will hope to answer the big question; what is wrong with our educational system of today? Humble Beginnings American education has always been in a stumble-and-fall situation.

Many accounts of constitutional laws, studies and facts regarding this issue of using the English language in teaching academic subjects. Transitioning from a Mexican education to an American one was not an easy task, but as my English improved I pushed myself academically to. Literature Review Education in the United States is important because every student has the right to an education. However, many students are not capable of fulfilling the school standards and meeting the requirements because English is not their first language, which is causing them to work twice as hard compared to students whose first language is English.

Schools throughout the United States have been increasing in students that are from different ethnic backgrounds. DMCA All papers are for research and reference purposes only! Create a new account It's simple, and free. Email address. Login with Facebook. Details 3 Pages Words.

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The second model is the late-exit bilingual education programs. Its objectives are to develop full bilingualism by encouraging literacy as well as oral fluency in both English and the native language of the student.

Academic learning is also emphasized, and because of the wide content required to be learned by students, this program typically takes at least five years. Dual immersion or two-way bilingual education program is structured such that native English-speaking learners and limited English proficient LEP students are placed in one classroom, which encourages collaborative learning efforts form both groups at language acquisition.

The goal for both groups is to meet high academic standards and in equal breadth develop fluency and literacy in both languages. Just like the second model, this type of bilingual education program lasts five or more years. There are two basic forms of this model, including the and patterns. This time is gradually increased in the following grades.

As opposed to , the pattern offers instruction in the majority language for both minority students and native speakers for improving the language competence of both groups. As compared to two-way models, one-way dual language programs have a number of advantages and disadvantages Lacina et al. The drawbacks of this model are the difficulties with finding qualified bi-literate teachers and separation of the second-language learners from their peers. The pull-out model is widely used for the second language users in the United States.

The main principle of this model is pulling out the minority students from their classroom for a period of about 30 minutes for language instruction. As a rule, pull-out teachers conduct lessons with individuals or small groups of learners, aiding students in developing their academic skills and repeating particular program lessons which were not understood by the minority learners due to their language difficulties Lacina et al.

The pull-out model can be beneficial for certain classrooms though it has a number of drawbacks. The drawbacks for which this model is criticized and can be inappropriate for certain classrooms are the time limits of the push-out lessons, the separation of the second-language learners from their peers, psychological aspect of perceiving the push-out as the remedial instruction, the time required for the collaborative efforts of the language and core curriculum teachers and the expensiveness of the program.

The alternative to the above-mentioned push-out form is the push-in model of bilingual education in which a teacher comes to a general education classroom for conducting lessons and providing support to students have difficulties with perceiving the curriculum information in the majority language. The length of the push-in lessons can vary depending upon the needs of a particular classroom. This collaborative model of co-teaching would be much more effective if the core curriculum and language teachers devote time to discussing the materials and defining their common objectives and strategies.

This model is less costly than the push-out lessons and can be used at schools with only a few second language learners Lacina et al. The push-in model has its advantages and disadvantages, which need to be taken into consideration before choosing this model for certain school environment.

The disadvantages of this model are the additional burden of collaborating and training for the teaching personnel, the lack of opportunities for the second language learners to practice their language skills at class because they can be ashamed of their peers speaking the majority language and the lack of individual instruction for the learners experiencing language difficulties.

The spread of the English language and its official status of the global language used for business, the opportunities of teaching English as a foreign language and promotion of bilingualism for the school curriculum are considered by a great number of governments. Most issues surrounding bilingual education system revolve around which model of bilingual education is most appropriate to be used. Opponents of bilingual education programmes find significant fault in the way the programmes are structured.

For instance, critics argue that learners who do not speak English are entrapped in programmes which, instead of teaching English, endeavour to retain the native language of the students. Then, the immigrant students were prohibited to speak their native language at school. The prejudicial attitude towards immigrants had a significant impact upon the debates concerning the bilingual education models.

This is especially so in times of war and to a lesser extend during times of economic hardships. Since language is very closely associated with national identity, immigrants are forced to even abandon their native languages during such times as a proof of their allegiance to their new country.

Yet another major issue surrounding bilingual education has a basis on unrealistic expectation of immediate results. The limitation of some studies is expecting second language learners to go through tasks which would be difficult even for the researchers themselves. The non-native English-speaking learners are unfairly expected to accomplish this while also learning other demanding academic subjects like science and mathematics.

Their second language proficiency is unfairly matched to that of their peers who happen to be native speakers of English. The discussion above clearly shows that immense opportunities accrue from bilingual education.

Both native and non-native English-speaking learners are not only allowed to develop their oral and written skills in English, but they are also enabled to master academic content materials. Initially showing lower academic achievements, students with bilingual learning background not only compensate for it in the course of time, but even surpass the academic progress of their peers.

Moreover, Learners in bilingual education systems have been found to out-perform their peers in monolingual education programmes in both linguistics and general academics at advanced levels of learning.

All-in-all the benefits to bilingual education by far surpass their proven as well as perceived limitations. For this reason, authorities in increasingly multicultural societies thanks to globalisation should seriously consider introducing full bilingual education systems or, at least, incorporate major elements of bilingual education systems into the existing monolingual education system. Baker, C. Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism.

Belmont, MA: Multilingual Matters. Cummins, J. Garcia, O. Bilingual education in the 21st Century. Lacina, J. Childhood Education 87 2 , — Need a custom Research Paper sample written from scratch by professional specifically for you? The Benefits and Issues in Bilingual Education. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Cookies Policy. Table of Contents. Introduction Objectives of bilingual education Dimensions of bilingualism Benefits of Bilingual education Program models of bilingual education Issues surrounding bilingual education Conclusion References.

Learn More. Indonesia according. Bilingual education has been discussed and connected to other controversial topics such as nationalism, racism, immigration, and adoption of English as the official language of the United States, along with minority rights, cultural diversity, and the goals of education itself. Here are some questions to be discussed: 1. What role does bilingual education take in the U. What are the arguments for bilingual education?

What are the. Over the years, bilingual education has involved teaching children academics in two different languages so they may become competent learners and be successful at acquiring English. Before , bilingual education was not a required course in American schools, but instead as a voluntary program.

This changed in when a lawsuit was brought against the state of Texas that resulted in the requirement of bilingual education programs in elementary schools as English as a second language ESL program. Bilingual Education Essay. Page 1 of 50 - About essays. Outlawing Bilingual Education Words 8 Pages Bilingual, or multilingual education as it is also known, has always been a controversial subject regarding education.

To further emphasize, jobs actively seek out individuals with knowledge of more than one language Continue Reading. The Importance Of Bilingual Education Words 6 Pages American Economy, the need of bilinguals in America is increasing quickly; the demand has been doubled in the past five years, as it reached to six hundred and forty thousand. This report shows that more and more employers choose to select employees with a bilingual education experience, and this tendency Continue Reading.

Some programs Continue Reading. Initiative or Amendment 31, required schools to be taught Continue Reading. Continue Reading. A nation of a predominately Caucasian race, who only speaks one language Continue Reading. Indonesia according Continue Reading. Essay on Bilingual Education: Exploring an Educational Issue Words 5 Pages minorities arises, bilingual education has become a hot topic.

What are the Continue Reading. Arguments For Bilingual Education Words 4 Pages Over the years, bilingual education has involved teaching children academics in two different languages so they may become competent learners and be successful at acquiring English.

This changed in when a lawsuit was brought against the state of Texas that resulted in the requirement of bilingual education programs in elementary schools as English as a second language ESL program Continue Reading. Popular Topics.

These factors are crucial in determining the kind of bilingual education to be adopted in a learning setting.

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Essays bilingual education issues Relevant skills resume
Essays bilingual education issues Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism. Bilingual Education is the teaching or practice programs of two languages to teach content ranging from kindergarten to high school. As the United States progresses so does the culture. Learn More. The non-native English-speaking learners are unfairly expected to accomplish this while also learning other demanding academic subjects like science and mathematics. Bibliography IvyPanda.
M tech thesis report in computer science These benefits of bilingual education have been noted in children in diverse situations and communities across the globe, including in both urban and rural areas of the United States NABE ; Tucker Research has shown, however, that both arguments might be completely fallacious. The findings of the research have shown that the academic achievements and linguistic competence of students receiving instructions in their native language are equal to those learners who receive instruction in only one language. America is a country with more and more cultures mixing together with different areas of America speaking different languages. Good Essays. Aroundbilingual education took flight in the United States. In general, the available information suggests that the benefits of providing bilingual education to schoolchildren far outweighs the additional challenges that such instruction presents.
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Essays bilingual education issues Arguments For Bilingual Education Words 4 Pages Over the years, bilingual education has involved teaching children academics in two different languages so they may become competent learners and be successful at acquiring English. Bibliography IvyPanda. This report shows that more and more employers choose to select employees with a bilingual education experience, and this tendency Continue Reading. Let's see if we can help you! This model is less costly than the push-out lessons and can be used at schools with only a few second language learners Lacina et al. Page 1 of 50 - Essays bilingual education issues essays.
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Business plan film financing References IvyPanda. The culture of the United States is no longer what it once was. Without instructors, it is quite obviously impossible to provide decent bilingual education courses. For one, native English students and students that have another language as their native tongue can learn from each other to become. This means that they will be better heard both within their own nation and n the global community, not merely because they speak multiple languages but because they essays bilingual education issues better equipped to handle the complexities of the international community. There how to write achievement comments something of a catch inherent to this issue, essays bilingual education issues the development of bilingual education programs in elementary schools would result in much higher numbers of qualified available teachers, but the lack of such teachers today makes the formation of bilingual education classrooms difficult at best. Training programs at universities do exist, but their expansion and an increased public profile would be of great benefit to the system by providing more qualified bilingual teachers and thus enabling more pervasive bilingual instruction Tucker
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When one drives around the cracked streets of East Salinas, one can feel the strong presence of the Mexican culture. On one side, one can hear the man in a cowboy hat blasting Banda. Education has been in a crisis for a long time in America, but few can agree on a solution to this open-ended problem which debated by both experts and lay persons.

Federal and state policies need creation and enactment for targeted assistance to schools needing improvements, like low-income schools and public schools that are failing to meet the No Child Left Behind NCLB goals. Students deserve the best education possible, but there are many complicating.

Besides the lack of influence on academic achievement and learning, a single-parent home environment may impact a child's behavior in school, which can directly affect both the. In this essay, I will be exploring the implication of assessing culturally diverse students, and the challenges that an assessor may experience during the assessment process.

It will then look at how I have been empowered through researching information and enriching my knowledge of the assessment process and the pedagogy of the group of students that I work with, through three modules that I have studied this year with the support of Chester University.

We live in an ever expanding diverse and multi-ethnic. With the common core state standards and the educational reform movement in general, the entire country needs to take a giant step back and look at the issues we are faced with. How did we get to this point? What do we do now? Through explanation of the history of education, the common core, and possible outcomes of these standards, I will hope to answer the big question; what is wrong with our educational system of today?

Humble Beginnings American education has always been in a stumble-and-fall situation. Many accounts of constitutional laws, studies and facts regarding this issue of using the English language in teaching academic subjects. Transitioning from a Mexican education to an American one was not an easy task, but as my English improved I pushed myself academically to. Literature Review Education in the United States is important because every student has the right to an education.

However, many students are not capable of fulfilling the school standards and meeting the requirements because English is not their first language, which is causing them to work twice as hard compared to students whose first language is English. Schools throughout the United States have been increasing in students that are from different ethnic backgrounds. From all of the ethnic groups. Analyzing the phenomenon of bilingualism, theoreticians need to take into consideration several overlapping dimensions of the discussed processes.

Some bilingual learners can easily speak two languages while others are rather passive, developing a comprehensive understanding of foreign speech, but rarely using it for communication. The next aspect explored by Baker is the domains in which the language is acquired, including home, school or other spheres which allow various levels of language comprehension.

All these aspects need to be taken into account for analyzing various bilingualism models and there appropriateness for particular setting. Bilingual education is not only justified by research, but also by both common sense and experience of instructors. Vast amount of data from studies in education and language acquisition strongly suggest, for example, that the first language learnt by children is critical in determining their ability to adapt to a second language as the language for academic instruction Cummins, The outcomes of the structured English immersion strategy, early and late exit models of bilingual educational programs were investigated in an eight years longitudinal study during The results of this research have demonstrated the benefits of adopting the bilingual education strategies.

Three varying approaches to instructional learning structured immersion, early-exit transitional bilingual education and late-exit transitional bilingual education were compared. The findings of the research have shown that the academic achievements and linguistic competence of students receiving instructions in their native language are equal to those learners who receive instruction in only one language.

The effectiveness of dual immersion bilingual education programs is even more convincing. These models involve classes in which a half of students speak English as their native language while the rest speak another language. The students receive instruction in both languages. The core objective of these programs is to impart proficiency in both languages. Dual-language programs are equally beneficial for improving the language competence in both native English and Spanish-speaking learners.

She also found that, irrespective of the time spend receiving instructions in English, students in both programs were equally proficient in English. Besides, performance in mathematics was found to have a high correlation with the two languages. This study went a step further to demonstrate that education content available in one language is equally available in the other language.

Additionally, higher dropout rates and lower academic achievements are typical for learners with minority language backgrounds as compared to those who speak the majority language as their native. According to Garcia , with the challenges of a new millennium, the English language as the language of international communication can be used for educating immigrants and supporting them in their adaptation to a new culture and community. Though various socio-historical positions, dominating theories and geopolitical factors affect the choice of a model for bilingual education, the importance of using native language in education is obvious p.

Besides its basic effectiveness, there are several other clear benefits derived from the use of an education system that uses two languages. To begin with, it helps learners to preserve their sense of ethnic and cultural identity as well as sense of pride of their native language, in the process allowing them to smoothly integrate in their new society retaining a crucial link to their linguistic as well as cultural heritage.

Also, in the modern world, there are economic benefits that accrue from bilingual fluency and literacy. Bilingual individuals have better chances at securing well-paying jobs in companies and other non-profit organizations with international or global presence. The socio-cultural context and the government policy are the influential factors which determine the choice of the strategies for teaching and learning languages.

Depending upon the community needs which can change within the course of time, Education Departments try to consider the ethnic diversity of the population and provide all students with equal opportunities for receiving education. For example, in the UAE the instruction in most schools was in Arabic previously. However, the government has changed the priorities towards bilingual Arabic and English education, taking into account the growing number of international students and immigrants.

Basically, there are six most popular models of bi-lingual education, including the early exit and late-exit models, two-way and one-way bilingual models, the pull-out and pull-in models. Each of them has its advantages and disadvantages in the context of a concrete classroom. First, the early exit or transitional model places more emphases on development of English in learners as well as their overall academic performance.

Instructions in this model are issued to learners in the native language of learners in order to enable them to be at par with their peers in academic terms and simultaneously develop their English literacy. In the United States, enrolment in this program lasts for three years. The second model is the late-exit bilingual education programs. Its objectives are to develop full bilingualism by encouraging literacy as well as oral fluency in both English and the native language of the student.

Academic learning is also emphasized, and because of the wide content required to be learned by students, this program typically takes at least five years. Dual immersion or two-way bilingual education program is structured such that native English-speaking learners and limited English proficient LEP students are placed in one classroom, which encourages collaborative learning efforts form both groups at language acquisition.

The goal for both groups is to meet high academic standards and in equal breadth develop fluency and literacy in both languages. Just like the second model, this type of bilingual education program lasts five or more years. There are two basic forms of this model, including the and patterns.

This time is gradually increased in the following grades. As opposed to , the pattern offers instruction in the majority language for both minority students and native speakers for improving the language competence of both groups. As compared to two-way models, one-way dual language programs have a number of advantages and disadvantages Lacina et al. The drawbacks of this model are the difficulties with finding qualified bi-literate teachers and separation of the second-language learners from their peers.

The pull-out model is widely used for the second language users in the United States. The main principle of this model is pulling out the minority students from their classroom for a period of about 30 minutes for language instruction. As a rule, pull-out teachers conduct lessons with individuals or small groups of learners, aiding students in developing their academic skills and repeating particular program lessons which were not understood by the minority learners due to their language difficulties Lacina et al.

The pull-out model can be beneficial for certain classrooms though it has a number of drawbacks. The drawbacks for which this model is criticized and can be inappropriate for certain classrooms are the time limits of the push-out lessons, the separation of the second-language learners from their peers, psychological aspect of perceiving the push-out as the remedial instruction, the time required for the collaborative efforts of the language and core curriculum teachers and the expensiveness of the program.

The alternative to the above-mentioned push-out form is the push-in model of bilingual education in which a teacher comes to a general education classroom for conducting lessons and providing support to students have difficulties with perceiving the curriculum information in the majority language. The length of the push-in lessons can vary depending upon the needs of a particular classroom. This collaborative model of co-teaching would be much more effective if the core curriculum and language teachers devote time to discussing the materials and defining their common objectives and strategies.

This model is less costly than the push-out lessons and can be used at schools with only a few second language learners Lacina et al. The push-in model has its advantages and disadvantages, which need to be taken into consideration before choosing this model for certain school environment.