essay about psychoanalysis

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Essay about psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud was the father of psychoanalysis and believed in the idea of the unconscious and subconscious that help power who we are. Although it was originally. One of the most debates insight therapies is psychoanalysis, which has a counterpart called psychodynamic therapy. Psychoanalysis is a method that studies the mind in order to treat mental and emotional disorders by revealing and investigating the unconscious mind. Psychoanalysis stems from the understanding that human beings are built for communication.

Many people try to understand what motivations people have and why people behave the way they do. Historical, political, and economic explanations provide to the insight of irrationality of everyday life. Psychoanalysis however provides a different insight. It is important to be clear about the meanings of certain terms that you may come across and throughout the handout you will find footnotes clarifying certain terms.

Firstly though, a word about the terms psychoanalysis and psychodynamics. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, was unarguably one of the most influential thinkers during the twentieth century. Freud was an Australian neurologist that was born May 6, in a place called Freiburg in the Austrian empire. Freud was the oldest of eight children. During his childhood, their family struggled financially. Home Page Psychoanalysis.

Free Psychoanalysis Essays and Papers. Satisfactory Essays. Page 1 of 50 - About essays. Powerful Essays. Freudian Psychoanalysis. Better Essays. History of Psychoanalysis. Best Essays. Psychoanalysis Therapy. A Look Into Psychoanalysis. The Psychoanalysis of Words 3 Pages. A further discovery was transference, where the patient projects his feelings on to the therapist.

Methods of hypnosis were originally used by Freud to find the cause for anxiety, but he dismissed them as being too inaccurate. One of its drawbacks is that it is based on the assumption that repressed conflicts and impulses do in fact exist. Today this assumption is being challenged, and is provoking intense debate. Freud first developed these methods of psychoanalysis when he met with patients whose disorders did not make neurological sense. A patient, for example, may have suddenly gone blind.

The problem is that there is no damage to either of his eyes. Freud began to wonder if this disorder might be psychological rather than physiological. A patient not wanting to see something that aroused anxiety might have caused his own blindness, he hypothesized. By analyzing dreams, he could reveal the basis of conflict within the patient.

Freud believed the mind was made up of three main parts: the conscious, the preconscious, and the subconscious. The conscious region is the part that people are most aware of and what others can see. The preconscious region holds thoughts and feelings that a person can become aware of but that are mostly hidden away.

The subconscious region consists of thoughts and feelings which are completely hidden away and which one is mostly unaware of. Some believe that the preconscious region is really a small part of the much larger subconscious region. Although the person is not fully aware of these feelings, he still expresses them in disguise through the way he makes his choices.

Using psychoanalytic methods, Freud was able, he said, to learn what feelings the patient had blocked and hidden in his subconscious. If a psychoanalyst would point out that a repressed feeling exists in the patient, the patient can either respond that the repressed feeling does in fact exist, or he can answer that it does not exist.

The denial of the existence of that particular repressed feeling given by the patient can be viewed as a way of blocking a feeling the patient does not want the psychoanalyst to know about, or can possibly be a feeling that does not exist at all. Today, many psychologists say that the idea that memories can be repressed is unproven and un-testable, although many laboratory tests have shown that people are more likely to forget experiences that were unpleasant than they are to forget pleasant ones.

In real life, however, most people seem never forget their traumatic experiences. One well-known example of this phenomenon is that of Holocaust survivors who can recall every detail of their suffering. Furthermore, study of memories also shows that willful blocking of memories is unlikely, as the more people try to forget painful experiences, the more they remember. Although his theories have been subject to criticism from his contemporaries and from later generations of specialists in the workings of the human mind, Freud was a giant of our age whose ideas set in motion a burst of experimentation, theorizing, investigation, and discovery.

Freud is justifiably described as the father of modern psychology, as he was responsible for the birth of an entirely new way of thinking about the mind. To find the evidence for the concept that a dream is a wish fulfillment we must go back to the beginning of psychoanalysis. So therefore it is important to study his opinions and theories first as a basis for the premise that all dreams represent wishes.

Indeed it was Freud who first put forward this theory and is only there for others to agree or disagree. However Freud was not sure when he wrote the Interpretation of Dreams whether a dream was a wish fulfillment and only that. Freud was well known for changing and revisiting old texts and ideas and constantly updating them and changing them.

Within the text he poses many questions, whether material for the dream was gathered during the day or were just psychological stimuli being used by the unconscious mind. Freud uses simple examples to demonstrate wish fulfillment in dreams.

This is because he does not want to get bogged down in the wildly extravagant dreams that can lead to many interpretations and opinions suggested. He gives a number of interesting examples such as the women who dreamed of having her period. Freud ascertained that the women dreamed of that because she would miss her period. The reason being, she was pregnant and she wished to announce it and the dream was a clever way the unconscious found to announce it.

In this way we can gain insight on the most basic level and form a foundation for the theory of dreams. This supposition is excellently shown with the proverb that was told to Freud by one of his students. The proverb goes: what does a goose dream of? The answer: Corn. Freud maintains that all there is to know about wish fulfillment are contained in this question and answer and all the extras and added complexities of the subject are developed from this basic premise.

Freud stated that dreams as wish fulfillment came from five different causes. And finally, these are joined by the powerful fourth group, which have been stirred in our unconscious Freud S, ch. Before studying the unconscious desires that cause dreams it is first important to understand the role of preconscious in the roles of dreams as it is necessary to understand where dreams come from to be able to understand their roles.

Freud believed that the role of the preconscious was much more prevalent in children in dreams as opposed to adults. For example a child might dream of eating an ice cream when they had been refused one that day by their parents. In adults Freud believed that a preconscious image could trigger a dream in an adult, but it would be a representation of an unconscious desire and would only be part of the dream because that image had triggered the unconscious thoughts to come to the surface.


The ego is mostly conscious and comprises all the ordinary thoughts and functions needed to direct a person in his or her daily behavior. The id is mainly unconscious and contains the instincts and everything that was repressed into it. And finally, the superego is the conscious state that harbors the values, ideals, and prohibitions that set the guidelines for the ego, and punishes the person through feeling of guilt.

Strong boundaries between the three parts keep the ego fairly free from disturbing thoughts and wishes in the id, ensuring effective functioning and socially acceptable behavior. During sleep the boundaries weaken, and disturbing wishes may slip into the ego from the id.

This often causes us to manifest in our dreams. Freud interpreted this concept in his first major work, The Interpretation of Dreams. This may occur often if psychologically hurtful experiences during childhood have left the repression too weak, distorted the ego, or strengthened the id too much by over-stimulation. Any kind of psychic trauma may lead to the ego becoming an area of conflict between the intruding id, the threatening superego, and the powerful influences emanating from the surrounding environment.

Furthermore, the damage done to the basic psychological structures by traumatic experiences leaves those structures weakened and with defective functioning. Such outcomes can cause intense anxiety and depression. In order to keep functioning effectively, the ego attempts to maintain control by achieving some sort of compromise between the contending forces.

Lisa could not separate her self from her problems, and therefor fell victim to them. Her life was not focused, but she managed to create clarity in the release of her sexual self. Patients seek psychoanalytic treatment because they suffer from one or more psychological symptoms such as anxiety, depression, sexual inhibitions or manifestations such as with Lisas conflict , obsessive thoughts, compulsive actions, irrational anger, shyness, phobias, low self-esteem, a sense of being unfulfilled, nervous irritability, and many more.

Psychoanalysis does not promise a quick cure but holds hope that through better understanding of oneself and others, one can achieve an correction of symptoms as well as smoother and more effective socialization regarding behavior. The method of treatment seems simple at first. The patient is instructed to say absolutely everything that comes to mind without censoring anything, a technique that is called free association.

This brings about a state of regression in which long-forgotten events and painful encounters are remembered, often with great clarity and intense emotions. These conflicts and traumas, together with the accompanying fears and feelings, are then are interpreted by the analyst. If treatment is successful, the patient learns to recognize the connections between past and present.

The combination of insight and the emotional re-experience during the regressed state can cause a reorganization of the psychological structures into more healthfully adaptive patterns. From the beginnings in the late 19th century , psychoanalytic theory and practice have continued to develop into the present modern practices. Initially, Freud believed that forgotten sexual seductions of children were the cause of neurosis and that remembering the trauma and emotions was therapeutic.

He later modified and elaborated his views into the theory of infantile instinctual drives as the motivating force for normal behavior and as the cause of neurosis if repressed. Continuing research has discovered much evidence that the early relationships between children and parents, have the greatest impact on later psychological development.

The influence of the care-givers, especially during infancy, leave a lasting imprint on the personality. Absence of or faulty self-object experiences cause a loss of cohesion with the self. Lisas character was a prime candidate for Freuds psychoanalysis. In relation to the literary theory, psychoanalysis is engaged to liberate the innate drives and desires to form a better understanding of literary works. Psychoanalysis could be argued to be one of the most pivotal influences on psychology.

It has expanded the growth of psychology as a science, but not without a few limitations. Psychoanalysis insisted on representing psychological sciences through consciousness through the study of the unconscious.

Psychoanalysis: Freud and the Neo-Freudians Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders. The discipline of psychoanalysis was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. However, I believe that parts of Freudian theory are too generalized and fail to leave adequate room for exceptions to the general rule. I believe Freud's theories have been beneficial in treatment and understanding people.

I maintain that because psychoanalysis was developed nearly a century ago and is still considered to be a credible and effective method of treatment for mental illness, at least significant parts of the theory are accurate. The second main criticism of psychoanalysis that Freud's theory is sexist and places too much emphasis on sex in general. I too find it hard to believe that all…. This is shown because the Oedipus case study only explains meanings about itself.

In addition, the case of Anna O by Freud and Breuer fails to meet the criteria of science because it cannot be tested. However, Hinshelwood points out that single cases studies can be tested. Some academics argue that psychoanalysis is not a science because it cannot be falsified. Home Flashcards Create Flashcards Essays. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Sign in. Show More. Alfred Adler's Psychodynamic Theory Of Personality Freud is well known for his topographical model of categorizing personality into consciousness, precociousness and unconsciousness, and emphasis on the libido sexual drive on personality development.

Read More. Words: - Pages: 5. Words: - Pages: 7. Sigmund Freud's Theory Of Personality This defense mechanism occurs with embarrassing or traumatic memories to help the person cope i. Words: - Pages:

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She had known about these assignments for over a week, yet she did not even think about them until that evening. That evening he learned about his new medical condition: Senioritis. They allow readers to understand how societies and individuals function and their motives. Psychoanalytic Theory focuses on the characters wants, needs, actions, and process of thought that sometimes correlate. I became very frustrated and decided that if my baby was dry, fed, and not tired.

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