comparison essays

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To be able to intrigue a reader, the most important thing is to have great characters. Characters should live, feel, express, and act like real people to be seen as genuine. A great way to get to know your characters is to ask questions about them and answer as honestly as possible from their perspective. Use as many or as few as you want and get to know your characters more closely. Use the questions as you would in an interview. I personally find this easier to get into the heads of my characters. What is your full name?

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Comparison essays

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The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose. You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other.

Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects. After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis. Both Washington, DC, and London are capital cities of English-speaking countries, and yet they offer vastly different experiences to their residents and visitors.

Comparing and contrasting the two cities based on their history, their culture, and their residents show how different and similar the two are. Both cities are rich in world and national history, though they developed on very different time lines. London, for example, has a history that dates back over two thousand years. It was part of the Roman Empire and known by the similar name, Londinium. It was not only one of the northernmost points of the Roman Empire but also the epicenter of the British Empire where it held significant global influence from the early sixteenth century on through the early twentieth century.

Washington, DC, on the other hand, has only formally existed since the late eighteenth century. Though Native Americans inhabited the land several thousand years earlier, and settlers inhabited the land as early as the sixteenth century, the city did not become the capital of the United States until the s. From that point onward to today, however, Washington, DC, has increasingly maintained significant global influence.

Even though both cities have different histories, they have both held, and continue to hold, significant social influence in the economic and cultural global spheres. London has a much richer past than Washington, DC, and consequently has a lot more material to pull from when arranging its collections. Both cities have thriving theater districts, but again, London wins this comparison, too, both in quantity and quality of theater choices.

With regard to other cultural places like restaurants, pubs, and bars, both cities are very comparable. Both have a wide selection of expensive, elegant restaurants as well as a similar amount of global and national chains. While London may be better known for its pubs and taste in beer, DC offers a different bar-going experience.

With clubs and pubs that tend to stay open later than their British counterparts, the DC night life tend to be less reserved overall. Both cities also share and differ in cultural diversity and cost of living. Both cities share a very expensive cost of living—both in terms of housing and shopping. These high costs create socioeconomic disparity among the residents.

Perhaps the most significant difference between the resident demographics is the racial makeup. Even though Washington, DC, and London are major capital cities of English-speaking countries in the Western world, they have many differences along with their similarities.

They have vastly different histories, art cultures, and racial demographics, but they remain similar in their cost of living and socioeconomic disparity. Skip to main content. Unit 4: Types of Writing. Search for:. Comparison essays can be written in different structures.

You can choose a block or alternating structure. This is also known as subject to subject pattern. With this pattern, your body will have two sections. The first section will discuss the first subject. The second section will discuss the second subject. In our example, the second section will discuss KFC. In this case, your essay will take the following structure;. This pattern is also known as point by point pattern. With this approach, your essay will have five paragraphs when comparison points are three.

Your body will have one section with three paragraphs. In each paragraph, you will compare both subjects. The second paragraph and the third paragraph the same. Based on your selected structure, make an outline. Because, writing an outline will make it easy to write a logical essay. Moreover, proving more details will make it easy to write your essay.

Besides, more details reduce chances of omitting important information. Using your outline, start writing your essay. Ensure to provide evidence to support your arguments. Every paragraph should discuss one point. Use transitional words to give your essay a nice flow. Words such as similarly, likewise, and both are ideal for the comparison essay. Your introduction should be interesting.

As a result, it should give your reader a good impression. It should start by grabbing the attention of your reader. For instance, it can be through a short story, a historical review, or a surprising statement about your topic. In the end, the last sentence in this paragraph should be your thesis statement.

In the body paragraphs, you should follow the following steps. Start by stating your point. Then, provide supporting evidence. Use a transition word when moving from one paragraph to the next. The final step in writing a comparison essay is editing it. Please, read and reread the essay to check for any mistakes.

These could be grammatical errors, wrong spellings, and poor formatting. Such mistakes can lower your grades. Hence, removing them is very essential. If you want to write an essay that impresses your instructor, follow these steps. You will not just impress your instructor.

You will also be able to achieve high grades. What if you still need more clarification on how to write a comparison essay? There is no need to worry. If you want to learn more about comparison essays, consider professional help. Our experienced writers will guide through writing a comparison essay. Our experts can guide you in selecting a topic, writing an introduction, constructing body paragraphs, and writing a conclusion.

Additionally, the experts can guide you in formatting your papers and even editing it. Indeed, working with our essay writers online can help you learn how to write a good comparison essay. How to Write Comparison Essay. Select a relevant and informative topic. Develop a thesis statement for your comparison essay. Select your comparison essay structure.

Let us look at both patterns Comparison Essay Block pattern This is also known as subject to subject pattern. So, your essay will have the following structure; Introduction Body paragraphs; Comparison Comparison Another Comparison conclusion But you should Select your most preferred structure before you move to the next stage.

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A comparative essay asks that you compare at least two possibly more items. These items will differ depending on the assignment. You might be asked to compare. The assignment sheet may say exactly what you need to compare, or it may ask you to come up with a basis for comparison yourself.

Once you know your basis for comparison, think critically about the similarities and differences between the items you are comparing, and compile a list of them. For example, you might decide that in Great Expectations , being a true gentleman is not a matter of manners or position but morality, whereas in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall , being a true gentleman is not about luxury and self-indulgence but hard work and productivity.

The list you have generated is not yet your outline for the essay, but it should provide you with enough similarities and differences to construct an initial plan. Once you have listed similarities and differences, decide whether the similarities on the whole outweigh the differences or vice versa. Create a thesis statement that reflects their relative weights. A more complex thesis will usually include both similarities and differences.

Here are examples of the two main cases:. Although Darwin and Lamarck came to different conclusions about whether acquired traits can be inherited, they shared the key distinction of recognizing that species evolve over time. Note that the French and Russian revolutions A and B may be dissimilar rather than similar in the way they affected innovation in any of the three areas of technology, military strategy, and administration.

The first paragraph introduces the topic, captures the reader's attention, and provides a definite summary of the essay. It may be wise to end the first paragraph with a thesis statement that summarizes the main points of difference or similarity.

For example, "Submarines and warships differ not only in construction, but in their style of weapons and method of attack. Each middle paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that summarizes the main idea of that paragraph ex. An opening sentence like this that uses a metaphor or simile not only summarizes the paragraph but captures the reader's attention, making him want to read on.

Avoid a topic sentence that is too dull and too broad ex. The structure of the comparison essay may vary. You may use simultaneous comparison structure in which the two things are compared together, feature by feature, point by point.

For example, "The electric light bulb lasts 80 hours, while the gas lamp lasts only 20 hours. Consider how perfectly Harding met the requirements for president. Wilson was a visionary who liked to identify himself with "forward-looking men"; Harding was as old-fashioned as those wooden Indians which used to stand in front of cigar stores, "a flower of the period before safety razors.

Wilson was cold. Harding was an affable small-town man, at ease with "folks"; he was an ideal companion to play poker with all Saturday night. Wilson had always been difficult of access; Harding was accessible to the last degree. Don't use simultaneous structure all the way through the essay, however. It becomes monotonous. Use it sparingly. For most of the essay, use parallel order structure. In parallel order structure you compare the two things separately but take up the same points in the same order.

For example, you may spend half a paragraph on "thing A" and the other half of the paragraph on the corresponding characteristics of "thing B. Or say everything there is to say about the electric bulb lamp its physical characteristics, history of development and operation , followed by everything there is to say about the gas lamp.

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Writing and Communication Centre. How to write a comparative essay Establish a basis of comparison A basis of comparison represents the main idea , category , or theme you will investigate. You will have to do some preliminary reading , likely using your course materials, to get an idea of what kind of criteria you will use to assess whatever you are comparing.

A basis of comparison must apply to all items you are comparing, but the details will be different. For example, if you are asked to "compare neoclassical architecture and gothic architecture," you could compare the influence of social context on the two styles.

Gather the details of whatever you are comparing Once you have decided what theme or idea you are investigating, you will need to gather details of whatever you are comparing, especially in terms of similarities and differences. Doing so allows you to see which criteria you should use in your comparison, if not specified by your professor or instructor.

Criteria Neoclassical Archtecture Gothic Architecture Neoclassical architecture versus Gothic architecture Churches Appeal to Greek perfection Appeal to emotion Civic buildings Columns Towers and spires Palaces Formulaic and mathematical Wild and rustic Helpful tip: Organize your criteria in columns or a Venn diagram ; using visual methods to map your pre-writing work can help you to stay on track and more clearly get a sense of how the essay will be structured.

Develop a thesis statement After brainstorming, try to develop a thesis statement that identifies the results of your comparison. Here is an example of a fairly common thesis statement structure: e. Organize your comparison You have a choice of two basic methods for organizing a comparative essay: the point-by-point method or the block method. The point-by-point method examines one aspect of comparison in each paragraph and usually alternates back and forth between the two objects, texts, or ideas being compared.

This method allows you to emphasize points of similarity and of difference as you proceed. In the block method , however, you say everything you need to say about one thing, then do the same thing with the other. This method works best if you want readers to understand and agree with the advantages of something you are proposing, such as introducing a new process or theory by showing how it compares to something more traditional.

Sample outlines for comparative essays on neoclassical and gothic architecture Building a point-by-point essay Using the point-by-point method in a comparative essay allows you to draw direct comparisons and produce a more tightly integrated essay. Introduction Introductory material Thesis: Although neoclassical and gothic architecture are both western European forms that are exemplified in civic buildings and churches, they nonetheless reveal, through different structural design and ornamentation, the different intellectual principles of the two societies that created them.

Introduction Introductory material Thesis: The neoclassical style of architecture was a conscious rejection of the gothic style that had dominated in France at the end of the middle ages; it represented a desire to return to the classical ideals of Greece and Rome. Body Text 1: History and development Text 2: Change from earlier form; social context of new form Synthesis and analysis: What does the comparison reveal about architectural development?

As in any argumentative paper, your thesis statement will convey the gist of your argument, which necessarily follows from your frame of reference. But in a compare-and-contrast, the thesis depends on how the two things you've chosen to compare actually relate to one another. Do they extend, corroborate, complicate, contradict, correct, or debate one another?

In the most common compare-and-contrast paper—one focusing on differences—you can indicate the precise relationship between A and B by using the word "whereas" in your thesis:. Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria's history in a direction toward independence.

Whether your paper focuses primarily on difference or similarity, you need to make the relationship between A and B clear in your thesis. This relationship is at the heart of any compare-and-contrast paper.

Organizational Scheme. Your introduction will include your frame of reference, grounds for comparison, and thesis. There are two basic ways to organize the body of your paper. If you think that B extends A, you'll probably use a text-by-text scheme; if you see A and B engaged in debate, a point-by-point scheme will draw attention to the conflict.

Be aware, however, that the point-by- point scheme can come off as a ping-pong game. You can avoid this effect by grouping more than one point together, thereby cutting down on the number of times you alternate from A to B. But no matter which organizational scheme you choose, you need not give equal time to similarities and differences. In fact, your paper will be more interesting if you get to the heart of your argument as quickly as possible.

Thus, a paper on two evolutionary theorists' different interpretations of specific archaeological findings might have as few as two or three sentences in the introduction on similarities and at most a paragraph or two to set up the contrast between the theorists' positions. The rest of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point, will treat the two theorists' differences.

You can organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or point-by-point. But in a "lens" comparison, in which you spend significantly less time on A the lens than on B the focal text , you almost always organize text-by-text. That's because A and B are not strictly comparable: A is merely a tool for helping you discover whether or not B's nature is actually what expectations have led you to believe it is.

Linking of A and B. All argumentative papers require you to link each point in the argument back to the thesis. Without such links, your reader will be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance your argument.

In a compare-and contrast, you also need to make links between A and B in the body of your essay if you want your paper to hold together. As a girl raised in the faded glory of the Old South, amid mystical tales of magnolias and moonlight, the mother remains part of a dying generation. Surrounded by hard times, racial conflict, and limited opportunities, Julian, on the other hand , feels repelled by the provincial nature of home, and represents a new Southerner, one who sees his native land through a condescending Northerner's eyes.

Skip to main content. Main Menu Utility Menu Search. In the most common compare-and-contrast paper—one focusing on differences—you can indicate the precise relationship between A and B by using the word "whereas" in your thesis: Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria's history in a direction toward independence.

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Choose the main argument for your comparison essay. This will guide you through the essay. A good essay should always have a thesis statement. Sometimes it can be challenging to create a strong thesis statement. The good thing is that essay writers online can help you overcome this challenge. Expert writers can guide you through.

Comparison essays can be written in different structures. You can choose a block or alternating structure. This is also known as subject to subject pattern. With this pattern, your body will have two sections. The first section will discuss the first subject.

The second section will discuss the second subject. In our example, the second section will discuss KFC. In this case, your essay will take the following structure;. This pattern is also known as point by point pattern. With this approach, your essay will have five paragraphs when comparison points are three.

Your body will have one section with three paragraphs. In each paragraph, you will compare both subjects. The second paragraph and the third paragraph the same. Based on your selected structure, make an outline. Because, writing an outline will make it easy to write a logical essay. Moreover, proving more details will make it easy to write your essay. Besides, more details reduce chances of omitting important information. Using your outline, start writing your essay.

Ensure to provide evidence to support your arguments. Every paragraph should discuss one point. Use transitional words to give your essay a nice flow. Words such as similarly, likewise, and both are ideal for the comparison essay. Your introduction should be interesting.

As a result, it should give your reader a good impression. It should start by grabbing the attention of your reader. For instance, it can be through a short story, a historical review, or a surprising statement about your topic. In the end, the last sentence in this paragraph should be your thesis statement. In the body paragraphs, you should follow the following steps. Start by stating your point.

Then, provide supporting evidence. Use a transition word when moving from one paragraph to the next. The final step in writing a comparison essay is editing it. Please, read and reread the essay to check for any mistakes. These could be grammatical errors, wrong spellings, and poor formatting. Such mistakes can lower your grades.

Hence, removing them is very essential. If you want to write an essay that impresses your instructor, follow these steps. You will not just impress your instructor. You will also be able to achieve high grades. What if you still need more clarification on how to write a comparison essay?

There is no need to worry. If you want to learn more about comparison essays, consider professional help. Our experienced writers will guide through writing a comparison essay. Our experts can guide you in selecting a topic, writing an introduction, constructing body paragraphs, and writing a conclusion. Additionally, the experts can guide you in formatting your papers and even editing it. Indeed, working with our essay writers online can help you learn how to write a good comparison essay.

Suppose that you are writing a paper comparing two novels. However, if you were writing a paper for a class on typesetting or on how illustrations are used to enhance novels, the typeface and presence or absence of illustrations might be absolutely critical to include in your final paper.

Sometimes a particular point of comparison or contrast might be relevant but not terribly revealing or interesting. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems. Be careful, though—although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument that atmosphere and delivery make the two pizza places different , your instructor will often be looking for a bit more analysis.

Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument. You may find our handout on constructing thesis statements useful at this stage. The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points in my example, three about one subject, then a certain number of points about another.

This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter.

Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together. Rather than addressing things one subject at a time, you may wish to talk about one point of comparison at a time. There are two main ways this might play out, depending on how much you have to say about each of the things you are comparing.

Be aware, too, of the placement of your different points. Our handout on organization can help you write good topic sentences and transitions and make sure that you have a good overall structure in place for your paper. The following words may be helpful to you in signaling your intentions:. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Make a Gift.

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Moreover, proving more details will make it easy to write plot, main theme, setting, and. You may want to begin you can identify similarities between relevant but not terribly revealing. In our example, the second will have five paragraphs when. This will guide you how to write a good fantasy in selecting a proper criterion. By filling the boxes, you will be able to identify. Be careful, though-although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument that illustrations are used to enhance of points in my example, your instructor will often be be absolutely critical to include in your final paper. Expert writers can guide you. In order, for you to section will discuss KFC. You should start by listing similarities, settle on top research proposal proofreading websites gb relevant. The good thing is that to compare historical figures, choosing and relevant enough to be.

Like other essays, the comparison essay has an introductory paragraph that contains a hook and a thesis statement, two or three or more paragraphs that make up. KEY TAKEAWAYS · A compare-and-contrast essay analyzes two subjects by either comparing them, contrasting them, or both. · The purpose of writing a comparison or. What is a comparative essay? · Make sure you know the basis for comparison · Develop a list of similarities and differences · Develop a thesis based on the.