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To be able to intrigue a reader, the most important thing is to have great characters. Characters should live, feel, express, and act like real people to be seen as genuine. A great way to get to know your characters is to ask questions about them and answer as honestly as possible from their perspective. Use as many or as few as you want and get to know your characters more closely. Use the questions as you would in an interview. I personally find this easier to get into the heads of my characters. What is your full name?

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How quote in essay

To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page.

Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.

For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow.

By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house.

Bronte When citing long sections of poetry four lines of verse or more , keep formatting as close to the original as possible. The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We Romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself. When citing two or more paragraphs, use block quotation format, even if the passage from the paragraphs is less than four lines.

Writing has been an issue in American secondary and higher education since papers and examinations came into wide use in the s, eventually driving out formal recitation and oral examination. From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widening number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity.

Related Articles. Article Summary. Sample Quotes Sample Short Quotes. Sample Modified Quotes. Sample Block Quotes. Part 1 of Incorporate short direct quotes into a sentence. A short quote is anything that is shorter than 4 typed lines. When you use a short quote, include it directly in your paragraph, along with your own words. To help the reader understand the quote and why you're using it, write a full sentence that includes the quote, rather than just lifting a sentence from another work and putting it into your paper.

Instead, you could incorporate it into a sentence like this: "The imagery in the story mirrors what's happening in Lia's love life, as 'The brown leaves symbolize the death of their relationship, while the green buds suggest new opportunities will soon unfold. Use a lead-in to introduce the quote. The lead in provides some context to the quote. It lets the reader know that you're presenting evidence or support, as well as where that support comes from.

In many cases, you'll use the author's name, but this isn't always necessary. Here are some examples of how to introduce a short quote: [2] X Research source "Critic Alex Li says, 'The frequent references to the color blue are used to suggest that the family is struggling to cope with the loss of their matriarch. Put quotation marks around the direct quote. Use quotation marks anytime you include someone else's words in your own paper.

This lets the reader know that you have borrowed from another writer. As long as you use quotation marks and cite the source where you got the material, you can use someone else's ideas without plagiarizing. If you're in doubt, it's best to be cautious and use quotes. Provide commentary after a quote to explain how it supports your ideas. After the quote, write sentences explaining what the quote means, why it supports your topic sentence, and how it supports your argument overall.

Paraphrase the quote if you can restate the author's ideas in your own words. Part 2 of Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. That's why you don't need to use quotation marks. However, you will include your citation at the bottom. Write an introductory lead-in to tell the reader what the quote is about. For a block quote, your lead in will be an entire sentence that explains what the reader should understand after reading the block quote.

At the end of this sentence, put a colon. Then, put your block quote. This is how you would lead into a block quote: [7] X Research source "In The Things They Carried , the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war are used to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.

Indent the block quote by. Press the tab key to move the lines over. Make sure your entire quote is indented so that your reader will recognize that it's set off from the rest of the text. Use an ellipsis to omit a word or words from a direct quote. Sometimes you want to shorten a quote to help your reader better understand why it supports your argument.

To cut out a word or words, you just need to put an ellipsis Put brackets around words you need to add to a quote for clarification. Sometimes you need to add a word or words to a quote in order for your reader to understand it. This can help you explain pronouns used in the direct quote or further explain what a quote is referencing.

A block quote requires more commentary than a short quote. At a minimum, write sentences analyzing the quote and linking it back to your thesis. However, you may need to provide longer commentary to fully explain the quote to your reader. You can't expect the reader to connect the quote back to your thesis for you. Paraphrase the quote to condense it to 1 or 2 sentences, if you can.

Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper. Unless the author's original words are necessary to make your point, rewrite the passage in your own words. Try to condense the original author's ideas into 1 or 2 sentences that support your argument. Then, incorporate your paraphrase into your paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas. However, let's say you were using a journal article to provide a critic's perspective on an author's work.

You may not need to directly quote an entire paragraph word-for-word to get their point across. Instead, use a paraphrase. Part 3 of Add the year and another comma. After the date, put a comma and then the page numbers. Prepare a Works Cited or References page. Each style guide has its own requirements for listing your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you're using to format your paper. On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information.

This allows your reader to find the sources you used in your paper. Part 4 of This might include an expert opinion, study results, or statistics. Make sure the quote is something you can analyze. Avoid using too many direct quotes in your paper. Using a lot of direct quotes will take away from your own ideas. This can undermine your argument and make you lose credibility with your reader.

Try not to use more than 1 direct quote in a paragraph. Instead, use a paraphrase or a summary to support your ideas. However, you still need to cite the sources you used. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Wooster, personal communication, November 14, Not Helpful 2 Helpful 6. No, that is what the citation is for. As long as you are giving appropriate credit to the author when quoting, that is all that is required.

Not Helpful 3 Helpful This depends upon the citation method being used. For example, if you are using MLA, you can use author's last name and then the year in parentheses: "Quote," Doe, If you don't know the author's last name, then use the article title: "Quote" Title of Article, Not Helpful 13 Helpful If the text I'm quoting is written in all capital letters, do I need to quote it in all caps? No, you may follow the regular rules of capitalization for your quote, unless only portions of it were capitalized for emphasis.

Not Helpful 11 Helpful

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For sources where there is no author, the title is moved to the first position in your list of citations. Therefore use the title, or a shortened version of it, for your in-text citation, followed by the page MLA , or date, p. Was this helpful? Yes 15 No Berkeley College Library LibAnswers. Warning: Your browser has javascript disabled. Without javascript some functions will not work, including question submission via the form.

How do I put a quote in my paper? Toggle menu visibility. Ask Another Question. Contact a Librarian. Email us! Text us! Chat with us! Call us! Related Topics. Citing Sources. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting a passage from one of your sources if any of the following conditions holds:. If an argument or a factual account from one of your sources is particularly relevant to your paper but does not deserve to be quoted verbatim, consider.

Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation. The same is true of writing in those social sciences—such as experimental psychology—that rely on controlled studies and emphasize quantifiable results. Almost all of the examples in this handout follow the MLA system of citation, which is widely used in the humanities and in those social sciences with a less quantitative approach. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary.

Quotations come from somewhere, and your reader will want to know where. Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: it shows that you have done your research and that you are well acquainted with the literature on your topic. In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source:.

The ancient Greeks never saw a need to justify wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. Yet the Roman conception of a just war differs sharply from more modern conceptions. When you are making decisions about how to integrate quotations into your essay, you might imagine that you are reading the essay out loud to an audience. You would not read the parenthetical note.

Without some sort of introduction, your audience would not even know that the statement about Roman antiquity was a quotation, let alone where the quotation came from. You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument. Introducing your quotation with a full sentence would help you assert greater control over the material:.

In these two examples, observe the forms of punctuation used to introduce the quotations. When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence, you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence. When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence, you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase. However, it has become grammatically acceptable to use a colon rather than a comma:.

If you are blending the quotation into your own sentence using the conjuction that , do not use any punctuation at all:. If you are not sure whether to punctuate your introduction to a quotation, mentally remove the quotation marks, and ask yourself whether any punctuation is still required. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation. Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material.

Moreover, the technique of weaving can help you to produce a tighter argument. Familiarize yourself with the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations. Here is a partial list:. Each verb has its own nuance.

Make sure that the nuance matches your specific aims in introducing the quotation. Vary the way you introduce quotations to avoid sounding monotonous. But never sacrifice precision of phrasing for the sake of variety.

If your quotation is lengthy, you should almost always introduce it with a full sentence that helps capture how it fits into your argument. If your quotation is longer than four lines, do not place it in quotation marks. Instead, set it off as a block quotation :. Hence his lack of any constructive suggestion anywhere in his work.

He attacks the law, parliamentary government, the educational system and so forth, without ever clearly suggesting what he would put in their places. For in reality his target is not so much society as human nature.

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MLA - an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark, consisting of the author's last name and page number:. APA - an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark , but also includes the publication date and is formatted differently, with commas and p.

The author in the parenthesis should match the beginning of your full reference. For sources where there is no author, the title is moved to the first position in your list of citations. Therefore use the title, or a shortened version of it, for your in-text citation, followed by the page MLA , or date, p. Was this helpful?

Yes 15 No Berkeley College Library LibAnswers. Warning: Your browser has javascript disabled. Without javascript some functions will not work, including question submission via the form. How do I put a quote in my paper? Toggle menu visibility. Ask Another Question. Contact a Librarian. Email us! Text us! Chat with us! You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow.

By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house.

Bronte When citing long sections of poetry four lines of verse or more , keep formatting as close to the original as possible. The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We Romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself.

When citing two or more paragraphs, use block quotation format, even if the passage from the paragraphs is less than four lines. Writing has been an issue in American secondary and higher education since papers and examinations came into wide use in the s, eventually driving out formal recitation and oral examination.

From its birth in the late nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict within industrial society between pressure to increase specialization of knowledge and of professional work upholding disciplinary standards and pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widening number of citizens into intellectually meaningful activity within mass society promoting social equity. If you add a word or words in a quotation, you should put brackets around the words to indicate that they are not part of the original text:.

If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipses, which are three periods. For example:. When omitting words from poetry quotations, use a standard three-period ellipses; however, when omitting one or more full lines of poetry, space several periods to about the length of a complete line in the poem:.

According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes , though others disagree. According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes ?

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As long as you use quotation marks and cite the source where you got the material, you can use someone else's ideas without plagiarizing. If you're in doubt, it's best to be cautious and use quotes. Provide commentary after a quote to explain how it supports your ideas. After the quote, write sentences explaining what the quote means, why it supports your topic sentence, and how it supports your argument overall. Paraphrase the quote if you can restate the author's ideas in your own words.

Part 2 of Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. That's why you don't need to use quotation marks. However, you will include your citation at the bottom. Write an introductory lead-in to tell the reader what the quote is about. For a block quote, your lead in will be an entire sentence that explains what the reader should understand after reading the block quote. At the end of this sentence, put a colon. Then, put your block quote.

This is how you would lead into a block quote: [7] X Research source "In The Things They Carried , the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war are used to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.

Indent the block quote by. Press the tab key to move the lines over. Make sure your entire quote is indented so that your reader will recognize that it's set off from the rest of the text. Use an ellipsis to omit a word or words from a direct quote.

Sometimes you want to shorten a quote to help your reader better understand why it supports your argument. To cut out a word or words, you just need to put an ellipsis Put brackets around words you need to add to a quote for clarification. Sometimes you need to add a word or words to a quote in order for your reader to understand it. This can help you explain pronouns used in the direct quote or further explain what a quote is referencing.

A block quote requires more commentary than a short quote. At a minimum, write sentences analyzing the quote and linking it back to your thesis. However, you may need to provide longer commentary to fully explain the quote to your reader. You can't expect the reader to connect the quote back to your thesis for you.

Paraphrase the quote to condense it to 1 or 2 sentences, if you can. Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper. Unless the author's original words are necessary to make your point, rewrite the passage in your own words. Try to condense the original author's ideas into 1 or 2 sentences that support your argument.

Then, incorporate your paraphrase into your paragraph, without using quotation marks. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas. However, let's say you were using a journal article to provide a critic's perspective on an author's work.

You may not need to directly quote an entire paragraph word-for-word to get their point across. Instead, use a paraphrase. Part 3 of Add the year and another comma. After the date, put a comma and then the page numbers. Prepare a Works Cited or References page. Each style guide has its own requirements for listing your reference sources, so make sure you follow the style guide you're using to format your paper.

On this page, list all of your sources in alphabetical order, along with the publishing information. This allows your reader to find the sources you used in your paper. Part 4 of This might include an expert opinion, study results, or statistics. Make sure the quote is something you can analyze.

Avoid using too many direct quotes in your paper. Using a lot of direct quotes will take away from your own ideas. This can undermine your argument and make you lose credibility with your reader. Try not to use more than 1 direct quote in a paragraph. Instead, use a paraphrase or a summary to support your ideas. However, you still need to cite the sources you used. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Wooster, personal communication, November 14, Not Helpful 2 Helpful 6.

No, that is what the citation is for. As long as you are giving appropriate credit to the author when quoting, that is all that is required. Not Helpful 3 Helpful This depends upon the citation method being used. For example, if you are using MLA, you can use author's last name and then the year in parentheses: "Quote," Doe, If you don't know the author's last name, then use the article title: "Quote" Title of Article, Not Helpful 13 Helpful If the text I'm quoting is written in all capital letters, do I need to quote it in all caps?

No, you may follow the regular rules of capitalization for your quote, unless only portions of it were capitalized for emphasis. Not Helpful 11 Helpful No, you need to provide the page number for a proper reference. Not Helpful 6 Helpful You quote spoken words the same way you would a written quote, however, you cite the quote by referencing the medium in which it is spoken e. Not Helpful 24 Helpful Whenever you use a direct quote, acknowledge the quote by placing it inside quotation marks and naming the author.

Whenever you paraphrase content — ideas, written text, or thoughts — place the credit within your research paper where your paraphrase occurs and at the end of the paper in the bibliography. Whenever you use photos, images, or other art, name the artist or creator underneath the image. Not Helpful 9 Helpful As long as the personal pronouns are in the quotation, it is perfectly fine.

Be sure to clarify who the pronoun refers to. Don't use personal pronouns when writing, however. You want the essay to be professional. Approach it from a third-party standpoint. Only use personal pronouns if they are quoted from a text. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 8.

If I am going to quote something that was said in a lecture, what do I put instead of a page number? Allaire, Tanya. Last name, first name lecturer 2. Tittle 3. You ought to use an indentation of an additional quarter inch on the initial line of every paragraph. When you need to quote an entire poem or a fragment from a poetry, you ought to preserve the original formatting style of the verses. To understand this, take a look at the following example:.

This may be helpful when you are required to modify the significance of the quote to some extent, for the purpose of providing an adequate context or eliminating certain parts that may be irrelevant to your ideas. Keep this in mind while your toefl essay topic. Take a look at the following examples that illustrate the way in which you need to add the citation in both situations:.

Use ellipses … when you wish to leave out a fragment that is irrelevant to your paper. Still, you have to try and gather as much data as possible. Take a look at the following examples:. Quoting brief fragments. Here are some examples that illustrate this:.

You have to start the citation on a new row. Moreover, you need to add an indentation of 0. Afterwards, you need to add the entire fragment while preserving the same margin. If the fragment includes more than one paragraph, you should add an additional indentation of 0.

Your citation must also include double spacing. Stick to the same rule that we mentioned when we talked about brief fragments — indicate the writer, year, and page number. You can either do this in the introduction or the body of the citation. Take a look at our example:. Students who went to the gym every day throughout an entire month were able to interact better with their peers and professors and feel more relaxed regarding their grades and day to day chores. When you want to paraphrase a fragment in APA formatting style, you have to indicate the writer, the year, and the number of the page, as shown below:.

Johnson thinks that gym training is great for both the organism and the mind , p. As pointed out by Johnson, people should always find time to go to the gym , p. Moreover, you should add the authors in alphabetical order. Take a look at the following example:. Order now. How to Quote Someone in an Essay. Microeconomics Paper Topics. Creative Writing Prompts. Start a Live Chat with an Operator. Chat Now! Custom Writing. Admission Essay. Analytical Essay.

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Not Helpful 3 Helpful This. Article Summary X To put the original source, you can acknowledge the quote by placing sentence if it's shorter than. In academic writingthere you need to provide the. Citations can be taken from both primary and secondary sources. Many times life catches us. Bahasa Indonesia: Menaruh Kutipan pada. Approach it from a third-party. No, you may follow the the original text in parentheses alongside your translation, if the your field. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Wooster, your instructor or supervisor how being used. How to quote from anyou place the quote another contributor that isn't part or formatted as a block.

Start the quotation. INTEGRATING A QUOTATION INTO AN ESSAY. Center for Writing and Speaking. Once you find a quotation that you think can add to your argument, you must begin to. To put a quote in an essay, incorporate it directly into a sentence if it's shorter than 4 typed lines. For example, you could write "According to researchers,".