introduction natural disasters essay

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Introduction natural disasters essay

Earthquakes are a firm shake of the earth from the natural cause. In technical terms, an earthquake is a strong vibration on the ground which can either remain for a short span seconds or large span minutes. The primary cause of the earthquake is the disturbance in the earth crust.

According to one theory, the molten mass cooled down billions of years ago, the crust that formed broke into different large plates. These plates are in incessant motion with the speed about 1 cm to 5 cm a year. This mobile jigsaw puzzle is termed as the continental drift, resulting in the formation of mountains, ocean trenches and seismic energy build-up.

In India, an earthquake is caused by the release of elastic strain energy and stress due to the crash between the Indian plate and Eurasian plate. In many cases, the earthquake also takes place due to volcanic activity. How to be Safe? In India, the BIS has specified materials used should be burn-well bricks, but not the sun-dried bricks. Every building today constructed in India is an earthquake counter bringing down the movement. In high-rise buildings, enlarged structures on the top floors must be avoided.

Furthermore, avoiding tall independent cores is advised unless they are tied to the main structure. There are different types of cyclones happening in India and other parts of countries. Of all, a tropical storm is the most destructive one. These cyclones cause damage to property and crops. In the Bay of Bengal, tropical cyclones occur in two seasons- pre-monsoon months, i. April-May and post-monsoon months i. Floods are common in India, especially in low-lying areas.

In the majority of cases, floods happen due to over-spilling of riverbanks due to obstruction in the riverbed, inadequate waterways in roads and change in the river course. Over the years, advancement in flood forecasting helped to know which area can be flood-prone. Not everyone is ignorant and negligent in regards to the environment.

There are a few percentages of environment conscious people who really take a lot of care about its issues and also make efforts to take up these matters at a large scale. All this proves to be harmful to the environment. They organize several campaigns to help in saving the environment and initiatives that needs to be valued. Search Categories. Society Technology Healthcare Environment Other Sociology Politics Education Business Sport 3.

Literature 2. Accounting 0. Management 0. Marketing 0. Media 0. Medicine and Health 0. Movies 0. Music 0. Nature 0. Nursing 0. Nutrition 0. Person 0. Legal Issues 0. Philosophy 0. Political Science 0. Psychology 0. Religion 0. Science 0. Law 0. American History 0. Order Essay. Natural disasters — and Words Essay Index Introduction Words Essay on Natural disasters Words Essay on Natural disasters Introduction Natural disaster occurs when natural hazards adversely impact the life of an individual.

Such kinds of disasters are: Tornadoes Severe Storms Hurricanes Tropical Storms Wildfires Floods Drought Earthquakes Floods and severe storms are the commonest forms of natural disasters that are reported in the whole world. Order Original Essay. Word Count. Date Added.

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This town is Joplin, Missouri. Growing up in a small Southern Missouri town I have experienced multiple tornadoes, but never knew just. Natural disasters come in many forms such as earthquakes, tornados, floods, blizzards, fires, and volcanic eruptions, just to name a few. Anyhow, Natural disasters occur everywhere around the world every single day, if they are small or large. Natural disasters events have been a topic that has affected many countries through the years.

The question that remains is, are there systems in place to effectively handle situations accordingly? According to I. I care about the destruction of these natural disasters. There can be a building that is one billion dollars that is just built, then it was destroyed during a tornado or hurricane. We can help in a lot of ways to help stop. The effects of disasters in India are significantly reduced by well established counter disaster arrangements at all three levels of government.

These arrangements comprise comprehensive plans of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery and in more recent times, of mitigation. The economic effects of disasters can be devastating and widespread. When disasters strike. Natural Disaster Essay. Page 1 of 50 - About essays.

The Effects Of Natural Disasters Words 4 Pages Believe it or not, there are certain parts of the country where natural disasters are just apart of the day-to-day activity. Then throughout the heartland of our country Continue Reading. Occurrences Of Natural Disaster Or Man-Made Disaster Words 7 Pages literature review Introduction Occurrences of natural disaster or man-made disaster have increased this last decade thus there is a constant need to provide humanitarian support to population affected by such disasters.

This literature review is divided in three Continue Reading. The Negative Effects Of Natural Disasters Words 6 Pages Distressing natural disasters, such as hurricane Irma have devastated the world and caused loss of homes, as well as greatly affecting humanity. The Causes And Impacts Of A Natural Disaster Words 4 Pages Background A natural disaster is a critical phenomenon of a natural process from the earth such as an earthquake, flood, drought or typhoon which impacts significantly on human life and human social activities March, ; Hutton, The greater magnitude of the disaster is, the bigger it exerts pressure on the local resources and infrastructure to a breaking point Continue Reading.

Personal Aspects Of Natural Disasters Words 4 Pages Across the World people know what a natural disaster is, but have never actually experienced one first hand. Growing up in a small Southern Missouri town I have experienced multiple tornadoes, but never knew just Continue Reading. Hurricane Katrina And Natural Disaster Similarities Words 6 Pages Natural disasters come in many forms such as earthquakes, tornados, floods, blizzards, fires, and volcanic eruptions, just to name a few.

Disasters can either be natural or man-made. These disaster need emergency management to rehabilitate the damage caused. The management is done to contain the damage and to control the hazards of the disaster through a process of disaster management. The process is aimed at preventing disaster and mitigating the inevitable disasters. India is vulnerable to disaster like floods, droughts, landslide and earthquake.

The disaster management efforts by Indian government have greatly improved over the years. The process is divided into four phases of disaster management. The first phase is mitigation whereby the occurrence possibility of a disaster or the adverse effects need to be minimized. The actions include public education on the nature of the disaster and how they can prepare to protect themselves and the structural construction projects.

These projects are aimed at minimizing loss of lives and destruction of property by the anticipated disaster. Preparedness is the second phase of disaster management where the goal is to strengthen readiness to handle emergencies through programs by government. The preparedness is mostly directed towards lifesaving activities. Preparedness involves drafting of plans, developing communication systems, public education and exercises.

The third phase is response where the disaster management team enacts the plans to maintain lives and reduce the numbers of affected population. The response is done by providing transport, shelter and food to the affected population. The damage is contained by repairs and temporary solutions are sought e. The final phase of disaster management is recovery. This is usually after the disaster has settled and damage has already been done.

In recovery, the team tries to restore the livelihood of people and the infrastructure. Recovery is done either short term or long term. The aim is to restore a normal or better livelihood for the affected population. Health safety is emphasized during public education. Recovery phase enables the disaster management to transition into long-term solutions. The management of disaster is a challenging process and some deficiencies are encountered.

In some countries, the specific hazards and disasters are not clear and so the government is unable to deploy disaster management in an unknown disaster. There is also the aspect of inadequacies when it comes to the technical and framework capability of a nation. Disaster management frameworks require support from the government.

Although disaster management process involves public education, there is no aspect of psychological counselling for individuals because of the high population. People tend to suffer post-traumatic stress and psychiatric diseases. Disaster management is an important activity and it should be adopted by countries in order to prevent the inevitable disasters and reduce the adverse effects of disasters.

However, there are limitations of disaster management that reduce the capability of successful implementation of the strategies. Disaster management is an important issue for modern life in the many populated cities of the world. Discovering the importance of proper disaster management is beneficial for all students who want to major in some aspect of urban planning or public health.

The precise protocol for disaster management depends on the source of the disaster and everything you plan and do also depends on this factor. One of the most predominant sources of potentially hazardous situations for human life and living are natural disasters, however, most people living in areas that are at risk know the proper disaster management for such situations. Natural disasters can be caused by any natural factor like the rain, or drought and they usually require from the community to prepare in advance for the disaster management.

Sometimes no one can prepare for a surprise attack from nature and then the affected people need to improvise in their disaster management, this approach is avoided in all situations except in those that could not be avoided. Disaster management in environmental emergencies is somewhat different than the previous one.

First, of all, because these emergencies are caused by human factors like problems in the industry and transport so the designed disaster management has to be adapted for those situations. The additional factor is the fact that this type of disaster management usually requires the use and disposal of dangerous and poisonous chemicals.

Disaster management in complex emergencies often requires the authorities to resolve social issues because of a break down in social order. Recently disaster management in complex political and social situations strives towards the implementation of weapons and tools that can do less physical harm when they are used and instead cause pain for the recipient. Pandemics create a need for a special type of disaster management because of the presence of virulent microorganisms.

Usually, pandemics cause health issues for the general public and they are addressed through medical means and with the aid of doctors. Disaster management in a pandemic should abide by strict protocol because there can be many sources of infection and the entire process would be additionally complicated if the medical workers get infected as well. All of the above-mentioned situations where disaster management is needed can be resolved by following four simple steps. So, even if we are not trained for a certain type of disaster, we can still get a good idea of what we have to do if such a situation does happen.

The first step is mitigation that is to get rid of the source of the disaster or reduce its impact. Preparedness is the best way and if you know a certain situation could come up make sure you have all that you need to get out of it. One more benefit is to train yourself with the right response for the emergency you are in. Finally, you have to think about recovery and finding ways to help people who might be in a worst position than you. Disaster management is a complex process and sometimes it needs a lot of preparation, therefore everyone who knows they can end up in such an emergency position better do the smart thing and prepare in advance.

The best thing is not to be surprised and to know the right things to do, however sometimes we can end up in a situation that we were not prepared for, that is when we need to keep a cool head, analyze the type of the disaster and follow these simple steps and we can make it out with the least amount of stress. Disaster management has become very important and necessary in the world we live in today.

A disaster can simply be said to be the extreme disruption of the functioning and workings of a habitat which causes varying degrees of environmental, material or human losses that are way more than the capacity and capability of the population that is affected to cope with employing its very own resources. Earthquakes, landslides, cyclones, tsunamis, floods and droughts are all some of the many examples of the disruptions know as disasters.

This is a natural occurrence or a process that leads to the loss of many lives, causes injuries and other forms of health hazards, leads to the damage and loss of properties, loss of means of livelihood, causes a great damage to the environment and causes serious disruption to economic and social activities. Natural disasters include landslides, earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, blizzards, floods, cyclones and tsunamis.

Another name for the manmade disaster is complex emergency and it is as a result of major events like oil spills, fires, looting, transport accidents, nuclear radiations or explosions, terrorist attacks wars and so many more.

Manmade disasters are sometimes the outcome of various technological hazards. The indirect or direct impact or effect of disasters is always very dangerous, damaging and destructive. Human lives are lost, infrastructures that are in place are either damaged or destroyed, livestock and plants that are sources of food are destroyed during disasters.

The losses and impacts of disasters can be felt for a lot of years and it might take a long period of time to move on from a particular disaster. Scientists and researchers have discovered and put forward that urbanisation, industrialisation and modernisation are negatively affecting the environment.

As a result of the exploitation of the environment nature , a lot of natural disasters like landslides and earthquakes are being created and their levels are being increased to a stage where they cause a large amount of loss of properties, animals and most importantly human life.

Due to this, we need to take care our environment and take measures to battle global warming and climate change which are primary causes of some natural disasters like flooding and drought. This is a non-stop act of trying to reduce the effect of disasters. Some of the steps that should be taken when a disaster occurs include control and command, coordination, power restoration, quick assessment of the perceived damage, surface transport and telecommunication, the deployment of teams for search and rescue, availability of Para-medical and medical team, provision of food material and good drinking water, making temporary shelters available, hygiene and sanitation identification and the setting aside of resources, most importantly is the total maintenance of the given laws and also order.

The group of people most affected by and most susceptible to disaster are those that are poor. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to always be prepared for disasters and swiftly move into action any time they happen because it is necessary that we give rescue operations and immediate relief that can go a long way in saving a number of human beings and stop further damages to lives and properties as a result of the disaster. Disaster management has become most of the most important things today as it enables us handle and curtail unforeseen situations effectively and efficiently.

We must be ready and well equipped with all of the latest technologies and developments. Disaster management is the applied science or field of planning proper strategies to minimize the risk of future disasters while making ways to effectively deal with the damages caused by the occurred disasters. The type of disaster management put into effect largely depends on the type of disaster.

Disaster management also varies on other factors, such as direct and indirect impacts of any disaster. Disaster management covers both natural and man-made disasters. Needless to say, most of the natural disasters occurring today are also an indirect result of human activities. The natural disasters can be listed as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, cyclones, lightning, drought, floods, and forest fires, etc.

The man-made disasters are any electrical, fire, road, or oil-spilling accident that cause demolition. The nuclear explosion, global warming, chemical warfare, etc. The disaster management is not just to handle the consequences of a calamity. In fact, disaster management is equally about the prevention of future catastrophe. That is why it becomes essential to first understand the root cause of the problem.

According to the disaster management data, the biggest cause for natural calamities such as the earthquake, floods, cyclones, etc. When trees are cut, the soil is devoid of their roots which are responsible for holding the soil together. The loose soil is less capable of absorbing water and the situation ends up with frequent cases of drought. Loose soil is more likely to break down and get washed away by the river waters. Consequently, it gives rise to floods and earthquake, another high priority situation for disaster management.

Man-made disasters are truly a sign of selfishness and instant gratification. Deforestation for the purpose of creating homes and industries reflects the short-sightedness of human race. It is the central point for all the disasters and something that has generated loads of work to do for the disaster management. In spite of the desperate efforts by the disaster management organizations, millions of people all over the world, die every year due to one or other calamity.

Thanks to the man-made adversities, the pollution levels of air, water, and soil have reached a whole new level. The humongous natural disasters result in the loss of countless lives. Nations suffer the damages of property, food resources, and falling economies due to various natural disasters.

Apart from the deaths of human beings, forest fires, and cyclones, etc. Another great factor that leads to extinction of precious fauna is the human activity of poaching and hunting. In the olden times, the man used to hunt animals for food and protection from heat. But now, it has turned into a selfish, dark business. From whales to elephants, rhinos, and turtles, all kinds of animal species are facing the blow and their numbers are decreasing in a sharp way.

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Introduction In many instances, disasters act as catalysts in the adoption of new and emerging technologies. Spawned by the need to rapidly collect vital information for disaster management, technology innovations have often helped emergency responders to assess the impact of large disasters more efficiently and Natural Disasters 1 Page. Natural Disasters are never a good thing. In areas where they happen, they affect everything in a negative way.

They can destroy whole town, cities, the economy, infrastructure, and in some cases the human population. They wreak havoc on whatever they touch. Probably the thing Earthquake Natural Disasters 1 Page. Earthquake is a natural disaster, always threatening the lives of people. On May 12th, , a terrible earthquake took place in Sichuan.

Most houses fell down. Thousands of people were killed or injured and the whole cities were destroyed. This earthquake is like nature reminds Earthquake Natural Disasters Nature 1 Page. Earthquake faults are way more complex than you could have thought. So, what do geologists The tornado flood from Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall on August 29, , caused deplorable fiendishness along the coastlines of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Indonesia is one of the developing countries that has vulnerability to disaster.

One of disaster-prone in Indonesia is West Sumatera Province. Base on recording history, there was three times of big earthquake and tsunami hit this region. The last time was happened in that Disaster, Disaster-prone, Economic effect of disaster, Economic impact of natural disaster, The Damage. Natural Disasters Tornado 2 Pages. I was sitting in front of my desk when suddenly a message arrived on my phone with an alert from the national weather bureau letting the population knew that a tornado was on its way to the area where I live.

I was terrified when Parts of an Earthquake? The surfaces that slip past each other are called fault line or fault plane. An earthquake starts in the hypocenter, which is located Natural Disasters Ocean 1 Page. Tsunamis happen most often in the pacific ocean and Indonesia. This happens because the pacific Rim bordering the ocean has a large number of submarine earthquake zones.

Meanwhile tsunamis have also happened in the Mediterranean sea region. A tsunami is also expected to happen in Absolute mayhem has just occurred in California, as a devastating 9. With reports of over , deaths, and four times that many severe sustained injuries, there are is no time to waste India Natural Disasters Tourism 3 Pages. Overview of the event In the month of August , one of the state of India named Kerala has suffered high losses due to the floods that occurred in the state due to heavy rainfall.

Kerala is a southern state of India with one of Recent all over the world natural disaster made many destruction and take many valu-able life. At first, the magma coming out of the volcano was not quick enough to outrun the people, but after about 12 hours the people of Pompeii who stayed behind realized that things only got worse. Much worse, in fact. The large cloud of super-heated ash and debris that hung in the air above the city soon collapsed from its own weight and engulfed the city in feet of ash and also literally baked the people in the city.

This one of the only first-hand encounters that discovered making it very helpful for. Throughout the rest of the year smaller aftershock occurred periodically. Because of the earthquake, four hundred million dollars was recorded in damages. Major structures were destroyed throughout the cities in Alaska. The four and a half minutes of shaking also caused landslides and avalanches. Over one hundred and thirty thousand square kilometers received the most damage.

George W. Bush said this quote after the devastation of Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf Coast. Hurricanes are deadly natural disasters that affect people every year. They have a very complex way of forming, and each storm is distinguished by its characteristics. After hurricanes, people and the environment are deeply harmed. Tsunamis happen when the plates on the crust of the earth move, therefore moving the entire plate so that the water rises and is pushed forward, therefore causing a tsunami Drohan, , p.

These tectonic plates are everywhere, under everything from the biggest mountain to the smallest hill. Though it is infrequent, volcanoes have been known to cause tsunamis. It happens when to volcano begins to erupt, but instead of coming out from the top of the volcano a lateral blast shoots out from the side. Next, a quickly moving avalanche of lava pours into the water near it causing the wave to travel to distant coastlines Springer, On the first day of the eruption on the 18th Mount Vesuvius made it rain rocks which were large, this covered the towns in metres of ash, lava and debris.

Citizens could hear the roaring, rumbling and shaking as lava came down the mountain. Over 12, people were displaced from their homes because of the disaster. The eight lava fountains that were created which were all around the place, as the days went by these fountains intensified. Surge number three, however, reached the northern end of Pompeii, demolishing building and opening the way for later flows.

The fourth deluge went straight through the town, wreaking havoc. It is estimated that the flow killed people, if not more. The fifth wave reached the southern end of the town, killing more people, and the layer. Here is what the text stated "The pumice falls with painful force. It is mixed with hot ash, which clogs your nose and throat. Many people are fleeing. This earthquake caused 60 deaths, 9, people injured. What was actually the main cause of the Northridge earthquake?

Why did the Northridge earthquake caused so many destruction? The earthquake happened because of the movement from the San Andreas Fault u-s-history. This little movement from the tectonic caused big things such as earthquake, but what exactly is San Andreas Fault? With this happening, it only caused more problems. It could not let the water out so all the water and debris ended up backing up all over the city.

This is when all the trash and everything else it picked up along the way had caught fire.