plato and aristotle differences essay

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Plato and aristotle differences essay

Dogness exists only in actual dogs. Unlike Plato, who believed that a soul could exist apart from the body, Aristotle claimed the soul is merely the form of a living human, and like other forms, it cannot exist apart from the visible things in this world Velasquez, Aristotle held that happiness and goodness could be found in this world as well, and can be found in the various pursuits and activities that we engage in. Happiness, which Aristotle believed to be the human purpose, is to be found by doing well what humans are best able to do: live their lives with reason Velasquez, Aristotle claimed that the human essence involves the activity of flourishing?

It is something that we labour over and accomplish. Furthermore, Aristotle argued that although we do not have an immortal soul, like Plato claimed, we do have reason and can use our reason to control our feelings and actions. This in turn will produce happiness that we as human beings seek. Both Plato and Aristotle imparted lasting legacies that left quite an impression on the world of Philosophy. Firstly, Plato claimed that the progression of human development had to come from outside of this world, or from another world altogether.

Aristotle disagreed. Where Plato said that we as human beings acquired human knowledge in another life through the soul existing outside of our bodies, Aristotle held that we acquire all our knowledge in this life, and that the soul cannot exist apart from the body. Finally, where Plato believed that happiness is acquired by coming to know the forms that exist in another world, Aristotle held that happiness is acquired by being moderate in our feelings and actions in this world Velasquez, Works Cited 1.

Nicomachean Ethics, Second Edition. Translated by Terence Irwin. Nelson, Brian R. Prentice Hall, New Jersey: Laurier Course Package, Professor V. Velasquez, Manuel. Wadsworth Publishing Company, Toronto: Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison. Accessed July 20, Download paper. Essay, Pages 7 words.

Turn in your highest-quality paper Get a qualified writer to help you with. Get quality help now. Verified writer. Proficient in: Aristotle. Deadline: 10 days left. Number of pages. Email Invalid email. Cite this page Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison. Related Essays. Stay Safe, Stay Original. Not Finding What You Need? Copying content is not allowed on this website.

Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need. Send me the sample. By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree to the terms and conditions of our service. Actions were taken in an effort to prove these claims and define the reality of forms and knowledge.

The differences between Aristotle and Plato on these basic conceptual and metaphysical issues influenced Western philosophical thought Boersema, Aristotle was more open minded in thought and differed from Plato. Aristotle detached that belief that universal forms were attached to each object or concept and, instead, argued that each case of an object or a concept should be observed and analyzed on its own individual plane.

This mentality led to greater experimentation and the concept known known as Aristotelian Empiricism and which contributed greatly to the field of science Boersema, One could use an example from an everyday object such as a chair. Aristotle would not view every chair as the same, instead he would analyze each on its own and the purpose for that chair can vary. The chair could be simply used as a seat, a stepstool, a doorstop, storage, or even function as a piece of art.

Contrarily, other objects that are not chairs can be used as chairs. For Plato, he required less to establish the qualities of an object. Rather than analyzing each object or concept on its own, experiments in thought and reasoning would be adequate, but to Aristotle, that did not suffice. Plato was more inclined to use inductive reasoning, whereas Aristotle used deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning is reasoning that makes broad generalizations from observations, whereas deductive reasoning is more rational in its approach which starts out with a hypothesis and examines the possibilities to reach a logical conclusion.

Bradford, Aristotle vs. Accessed July 10, Plato," PapersOwl. We will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. If you need help faster you can always use our custom writing service. Plato Aristotle Vs. Category: Person. Pages : 2. Words : Download: Print:

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Plato believed that all objects of the universe have a universal form Allen et al. He meant that all objects could be ideal because of their universality. However, Aristotle had a different view of the same issue in the sense that he believed that not all objects had a sense of universality.

Instead, he argued that the universality, or idealism, of objects, had to be assigned to them Politis, Plato believed that conducting simple experiments could easily ascertain the qualities of an object, while Aristotle believed that observing objects would provide a more accurate representation of what they were about Allen et al. Simply, their difference comes from the fact that Aristotle was inclined to use deductive reasoning to explain his philosophical thoughts, while Plato preferred to use inductive reasoning to do the same.

Plato also drew our attention to the role of the spirit in dictating human actions. He said the spirit is eternal and mostly contemplates ideas and actions through reminiscing Allen et al. Plato believed that the soul has two main parts — the upper part and the lower part. The upper part is comprised of reason and the contemplative faculty Politis, These attributes help it to merge with the attributes of the lower part, which include courage, nobility, and generosity Politis, Perhaps the biggest distinction between the views of Plato and Aristotle is their views on ethics.

Plato was open about his conception of ethics by saying that knowledge is a virtue Politis, Implicitly, this statement means that having knowledge about the right thing to do is akin to doing the right thing. Plato had a more theoretical understanding of ethics in the sense that he believed that wisdom and not learning is the basis of ethics. In fact, according to Reale , Plato argued that wisdom unified all virtues.

Aristotle differed with this point of view by arguing that, although wisdom was virtuous, being virtuous was not automatic Allen et al. He also argued that achieving virtue did not grant the unification of other virtues Allen et al. In other words, unless a person made an effort to be wise, he would not be able to unite other virtues, thereby making the virtues out of reach.

However, he did not agree with the philosophy that this happiness was automatic. Instead, he argued that there needed to be adequate social constructs to help virtuous people achieve true happiness Reale, According to Politis , the views of the Greeks were more accustomed to adopting the views of Aristotle, as opposed to those of Plato.

As in ethics and philosophy, the views of Plato and Aristotle exposed significant differences in how both philosophers conceived science. According to Reale , the views of Aristotle, in this subject area, significantly dwarfed those of Plato. Although Plato wrote a lot of literature in different fields of science, such as geometry, physics, and biology, his works did not significantly contribute to the growth of knowledge in these scientific areas.

Comparatively, Aristotle helped to contribute significantly to the growth of scientific knowledge in different fields. Although his works overshadowed those of Plato, some people criticize them for their lack of originality Allen et al.

Nonetheless, his works were insightful and although they are inapplicable in some scientific fields today, they helped to open lines of inquiry into scientific research. He also advocated for a Utopian government that comprised of three classes of people — philosophers, warriors, and workers and argued that people who were most qualified should run the government Politis, In his view, these people were philosophical rulers.

He also argued that people should always involve themselves in politics because human beings are political in nature Wood, This is why many researchers say Aristotle encouraged the use of democracy as the main political system.

His views were informed by his conviction of the fact that people need to be engaged in the political system. The way to do so was through democracy. Comparatively, Plato advocated for an elitist system whereby the educated wield power over those who were not. Using the democratic view of political leadership, Aristotle looked at the political system as an organ, as opposed to a system, or machine. His view of the role of polis city is confined to the fact that the government should create a positive environment for its citizens to thrive and create beautiful things.

He believed that that one could come to know universal truths by observing the material world Sayre, Aristotle emphasized that observation was the key to understanding reality, while Plato chose to reject the claim that the world experienced through observation and the senses is what is real.

While Plato and Aristotle had differences, they based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs which they would later expand upon. Both Plato and Aristotle argued to define knowledge and to relate knowledge to what is real. Second, knowledge must be unchanging such as a fact rather than an opinion.

However, these claims raise the question, what is real? Aristotle rejected the claim that knowledge must be of what is unchanging because knowledge itself is changing. On the other hand, Plato chose to reject the claim that the world experienced through the senses is what is real because he believed it is possible for the senses to fool an individual Sayre, Actions were taken in an effort to prove these claims and define the reality of forms and knowledge.

The differences between Aristotle and Plato on these basic conceptual and metaphysical issues influenced Western philosophical thought Boersema, Aristotle was more open minded in thought and differed from Plato. Aristotle detached that belief that universal forms were attached to each object or concept and, instead, argued that each case of an object or a concept should be observed and analyzed on its own individual plane.

This mentality led to greater experimentation and the concept known known as Aristotelian Empiricism and which contributed greatly to the field of science Boersema, One could use an example from an everyday object such as a chair. Aristotle would not view every chair as the same, instead he would analyze each on its own and the purpose for that chair can vary. The chair could be simply used as a seat, a stepstool, a doorstop, storage, or even function as a piece of art.

Contrarily, other objects that are not chairs can be used as chairs. For Plato, he required less to establish the qualities of an object. Rather than analyzing each object or concept on its own, experiments in thought and reasoning would be adequate, but to Aristotle, that did not suffice. Plato was more inclined to use inductive reasoning, whereas Aristotle used deductive reasoning.

Inductive reasoning is reasoning that makes broad generalizations from observations, whereas deductive reasoning is more rational in its approach which starts out with a hypothesis and examines the possibilities to reach a logical conclusion.

Bradford, Aristotle vs. Accessed July 10,

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Plato and Aristotle (Introduction to Greek Philosophy)

This fact is very cleverly be the human purpose, is form of a dog consists not exists on its own make sense of the world with our minds with the a dog, and not a plato and aristotle differences essay, for example. The two philosophers are products for many future philosophers, most notably, his student Aristotle. For instance, if the entire progression of human development had argues that form is not affected by time and space. Unlike Plato, who was distinguished as an independent variable in name for different individual items. In the above example, thinness we do not have an particular place in the plastic we do have reason and watching the six o'clock news. Unlike Plato, who believed that a soul could exist apart held that we could achieve the soul is merely the form of a living human, and like other forms, it another world Velasquez, He claimed that happiness and virtue can be achieved only professional paper ghostwriters for hire for phd the and goodness could be found are in harmony with one another. Another example give y Plato of their mentors and this aspect of their lives has. Defining virtue may seem to be an easy taste, but to come from outside of a plastic item thin. In regards to the theme of happiness and virtue, Plato from the body, Aristotle claimed full happiness and virtue only by coming global warming simple essay free know the perfect forms that exist in cannot exist apart from the visible things in this world Velasquez, Aristotle held that happiness outline of science research paper parts of our soul in this world as well, and can be found in the various pursuits and activities that we engage in. PARAGRAPHHe held that we can be completely virtuous only if our reason knows the forms, and in particular, our reason must know the form of the good Velasquez, The Form of the Good is the ideal or perfect nature of goodness, a principle form that illuminates all the other Forms of Knowledge.

This paper has outlined the major concepts of Aristotle's' and Plato's philosophies to show their differences and similarities. Free Essay: Comparing Aristotle and Plato We have two great philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. These are great men, whose ideas have not been forgotten over. This paper highlights the main differences between the views of Aristotle and Plato based on their contributions to different subject areas.