choice and trait theory essay

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Choice and trait theory essay custom college essay writers services ca

Choice and trait theory essay

This essay will outline a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior in relation to criminal behavior given the complexities of behaviour. Several theories will be considered as no single theory of behavior can account fully for the complexities and range in criminal behaviour. The theories range from social-control, to classical, to biological, to personality theory, to impulse theory, and cognitive theory. These include family circumstances, their personality, and mental health issues.

Early biological theories assumed that structure determines function. In other words, criminals behave differently because structurally they are different. The cause of crime was biological inferiority. Biological inferiority in criminals was assumed to produce certain physical or genetic characteristics that distinguished criminals from noncriminal. It is important to emphasize that the physical or genetic characteristics themselves did not cause crime; they were only the symptoms, or stigmata, of the more fundamental inferiority.

Therefore, this essay will aim to analyse both biological positivist and psychological positivist perspectives in hope of showing to what extent they play a role in criminal behaviour. Firstly, the essay will look at Cesare Lombroso's research on physical features and how these ideas have moved on to then develop scientific ideas such as genetics to explain criminal behaviour. Secondly, the essay will focus on external factors which may be able to explain criminal behaviour such as the social influences, life chances and Material deprivation.

Ceasare Lombroso is one of the first scholars that developed ideas to explain the reasons why some people behaved more deviant than others or committed crimes. Agnew, R. Pressured into crime: General strain theory. Agnew Eds. The first element is Actus Reus which, is defined as wrongful action. Some one cannot be arrested for just mentally thinking unlawful thoughts. There are new crimes which are not explained by other prospectives. Crimes such as Cyber theft, terrorism and racism e.

Post modernists prefer to focus on the individual, crime is a one-off event expressing whatever identity an individual choses. Whereas Functionalism mainly focuses on society as a whole. Crime is seen as inevitable, as well as expected.

Introduction Criminological theories are theories about the nature, extent, cause and control of criminal behaviour, of which the main types are biological, psychological, and sociological theories, and certain individual theories like rational choice theory Akers, As governments use criminological theories to formulate crime prevention policies, epistemologically unsound criminological theories can lead to wide-ranging ramifications.

Thus, it is important that they are epistemologically sound. However, criminologists do not understand the causes of crime well. Open Document. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Essay Question: In terms of Trait theories, which theory do you think most explains criminal behavior?

Individual traits by themselves cannot determine criminality. Outside factors such as the environment along with certain personality traits is what causes criminal behavior. Introduction Trait theory views criminality as a product of abnormal biological or psychological traits. It is based on a mix between biological factors and environmental factors.

Certain traits alone cannot determine criminality. We are born with certain traits and these traits along with certain environmental factors can cause criminality Siegel, According to Siegel, , the study of sociobiology sparked interest in biological or genetic makeup as an explanation for crime and delinquency.

The thought is that biological or genetic makeup controls human behavior, and if this is true, then it should also be responsible for determining whether a person chooses crime or conventional behavior. This theory is referred to as trait theory Siegel, According to Siegel , due to the fact that offenders are different, one cannot pinpoint causality to crime to just a single biological or psychological attribute. Trait theorist looks at personal traits like intelligence, personality, and chemical and genetic makeup; and environmental factors, such as family life, educational attainment, economic factors, and neighborhood conditions Siegel, There are the Biosocial Trait theories an Biological Factors and Criminal Behavior.

Anticonformity vs. Independence - Anticonformity refers to behaving in defiance. For example, not wearing certain things because you know they're trendy. Independence refers to ignorance of what is expected - you just wear what you want, don't know or care if it's trendy. Balance Theory - A triangle that considers relations among elements a person might perceive as belonging together - showing…. OSS Consideration creating…. What is Ethics? Accepted standards of behavior; practice of those in a profession; laws and expectations of society Definition of Ethics The discipline dealing with what is good and bad, with moral duty and obligation A set of moral principles; a theory or system of moral values; the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group; a guiding philosophy; a consciousness of moral importance A set of moral issues or aspects Reasons to study ethics Simple beliefs may be inadequate for complex….

Physicians about this client saving…. Surveys are inaccurate…. This is easier to teach and learn then to adopt the more ephemeral 'traits' or 'capabilities'. Discussion Behavioral is a big leap from Trait Theory, in that it assumes that leadership capability can be learned, rather than being inherent. A behavioral theory is relatively easy to develop, as you simply assess both leadership success and the actions of leaders.

With a large enough study, you can then correlate…. As humans we are confronted with situations that test our strength of morality and character. There is always a grey area posing difficulty in resolving the dilemma between right and wrong. According to John Rowan, states a moral theory is a device to justify the action or rule ethically justified.

It gives clarity of vision in deciding an action whether right, wrong or permissible. Login Join. Home Page Rational Choice vs. Trait Theory Essay. Rational Choice vs. Trait Theory Essay Words: Open Document. Rational Choice Theory VS. We will start with the history of the two theories and progress toward some of the individual principles in the theories.

Next step will be explaining how each theory contributes to criminal behavior. My closing paragraph will conclude the essay as well as give detailed information on how society punishes the crimes committed.


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Each has its own function properties, components, operating principles, and mechanisms, the systems interact so closely with one another that it is difficult to disentangle their effects. Home Page Research Rational Choice vs. Trait Theory Essay. Rational Choice vs. Trait Theory Essay Words 6 Pages. Rational Choice Theory VS. We will start with the history of the two theories and progress toward some of the individual principles in the theories. Next step will be explaining how each theory contributes to criminal behavior.

My closing paragraph will conclude the essay as well as give detailed information on how society punishes the crimes committed. Rational Choice Theory defined and history noted. Within the rational choice theory you have subcategories. General deterrence, specific deterrence, and Incapacitation. General deterrence is the idea that crime can be controlled by increasing the real or perceived threat of punishment. According to the general deterrence theory not only is the likely hood of punishment a deterrent but also the sentence will be harsh.

This should in theory lessen criminal activity. So basically the certainty of punishment combined with the swiftness and severity of punishment will be the contributing factors of reducing crime rates. The trait theory is broken down into categories as well.

More interesting in my opinion. The study of our biological and psychological contributing to crime. Who thought of this stuff? There are two branches to contemporary trait theories biological and psychological. Biological trait theories focus on how biological conditions control human behavior. Biochemical conditions, lead exposure, and neurophysiologic conditions are all in this branch.

Biochemical conditions relate to how a diet and your environment contribute to antisocial behavior which is linked to. Get Access. Read More. Strengths And Weaknesses Of Rational Choice Theory Words 6 Pages Early theories on criminality presume criminal offenders as rational individuals and criminal acts are based on rational decisions. Trait theory would explain these juveniles act such as selling drugs as something they have to do, not by choice since they feel like it is their only option.

Problem solving is another major factor. Although the definition of gangs is undefined to most, juveniles see it as way to get respect. They view gangs as source of protection and even family. This becomes a problem becomes a problem because these juveniles become careless about their life. These pass couple of weeks were gang View Full Essay. Home Page » Social Issues. Report Save Paper.

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