reservations in india essay

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Reservations in india essay

ASSIGNMENTS IN THE GIVER

It is a well established fact that reservations are tools of upliftment for those disadvantaged groups who have suffered years of discrimination and oppression at the hands of the higher castes. It not only helped them in improving their lives and status in society but also provided them with an opportunity to represent themselves in various aspects of the decision- making part of society, something which was denied to them for a long time.

The present reservation policy in India is suffering from many inherent drawbacks which allow it to be used by the political parties for dividing Indian society on caste lines. This reservation policy was envisaged to dilute the caste identity in India, but over the years it has been seen that it has strengthened caste identities and helped in proliferation of political parties mostly based on caste lines.

As a result, the issue of reservation has become a part of the manifestoes of political parties. These parties promise reservation to certain castes for votes. It has also been seen that many state governments, without due process, gave reservation benefits to certain castes just before state or general elections such as in Haryana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.

In recent times, incidents such as violence against dalits, demand of reservation by dominant castes, as well as low income and education statistics of SCs and STs, show that the reservation policy being followed has failed miserably. This failure can be attributed to non-rationalisation of reservation benefits.

These benefits are mostly enjoyed by the elite clan people in SCs and STs, which have not allowed the benefits to reach the actual people requiring them. In rationalising the reservation policy, the government during the s made a blunder after the Mandal Commission Report was adopted by creating one more category of reservation for the OBCs. From the outset itself this category is quite irrational, as it provided for a creamy layer limit which is on an economic basis, whereas the purpose of reservation was to actually uplift the socially and educationally backward castes.

The inclusion of different castes in the OBC list was faulty and has paved the way for a future demand of other castes for reservation benefits in this class. Reservations have been given in educational institutions, in job, in state assemblies, in Parliament and in every feasible sphere. It will be a wonder if this system will really help us to raise our standards in every sphere or will this become just a tool in the hands of a few, to forward their own interests, as has been upto this juncture?

The reservation policy has taken only a few families of the weaker sections and not the masses, in general, in its proposed ambit. Therefore, if we do not revise this preferential discrimination policy, we are going to see more division, more resentment and more violence. We need a policy which really helps people who are deprived of education and the means for better life. The government needs to review its reservation policy instead of extending its benefits to the other sections who call themselves backwards.

The criterion for reservation should be totally restructured as we need to correct certain definitions all over again before we decide whom to give reservation to or not to give it at all. If equality is the aim, reservation should be given to people in the lower income group so that they feel at par with the rest of the society as has been now done with the EWS category. Economic background can be considered if reservations are actually to help deserving people.

Other rationalising steps can also be taken such as limiting quota benefits for one or two generations after which the caste certificate will become invalid and the individual will be included in the general category list. There should be regular exclusion and inclusion of castes as well as the EWS category on the basis of a report of an independent commission. Reservation was first presented with the idea that they would eventually be excluded.

Although in a country where backward class votes account for a large portion of the bank, politicians have kept the reservation according to their own accord. Reservation, if necessary, should be done on the basis of the prevailing economic condition and not on the basis of the status of our living or dead ancestors.

The reservation given for those children in services also need to be canceled. If someone needs to be honored for his service, then it is that which is in self service and it can be done by rewarding them with better allowances in the work. Education is a basic necessity, and elementary and secondary education is a necessity.

The government should establish special teacher groups which will assess the financial condition of the student at the primary and secondary level. All help should be given at this level so that every child gets basic education. It is true that the children of forward class get tuition and other facilities, which the children of the backward class do not have; It automatically ensures that they perform better in the exam. The administration needs to ensure that the education on grass roots remains the same.

For this, if it can not afford private tuition for the backward classes, then it should be ensured that further classes can not take advantage of either. Private tuition should be banned. How smart can it be to reserve seats at graduate and postgraduate level? Is it wise for a student to reserve seats in medical school because he is from backward class??? Surely a profession where human life can be at stake for qualification? It does not help either the backward class, who do not participate in the exams nor the upper class who suffer despite the necessary grades.

What does reservation do effectively, it changes the eligible candidates with ineligible candidates. Unqualified candidates then can not cope with other people on the basis of merit, and this creates a situation where they are qualified, which are basically low on the basis of reservation. This is the most unfortunate and defeats the entire purpose of reservation which was to bridge the split division. India can be able to do well without reservation at the undergraduate and postgraduate level, if economically weaker people are given more financial and educational support at the primary level.

We are all from one nation. We are equally able to get an education and job. Then why are caste and gender differences? Nowadays we can see that India is suffering from the reservation system, especially the general category, and it is harming our education system. Do we really need a reservation system to be successful?

In our article today we are going to discuss the reservation system in India. This article will help you write a dissertation to give a speech in school and college competition. Reservation is a helpful action for the quotas set by the government, where some seats are private and government institutions are reserved for socially and educationally backward communities, scheduled castes and tribes.

Reservation system comes from the picture. Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, Dr. Leaders such as Babasaheb Ambedkar took initiative to help the backward class people. They started giving free education to them. The main purpose of reservation is to improve the situation of the people of the backward castes and communities. But some say that the effect of reservation is serious and harmful. In the quota system, seats are reserved under caste discrimination, gender differences and religious differences.

If there is a unity then there should be equality but if there is still caste and gender, then where is the unity seen? Because instead of being united, we are breaking it. Therefore, according to our quota system, these people who come under these categories are the primary beneficiaries.

Even if the student has received fewer marks, this will not benefit the students of the general category and the good marks. Although this system is useful for the people of the minority and backward classes, but not every minority or backward people are poor financial backgrounds and people of every general category are not a good financial background. It may be that a lower caste student but easily get into a strong financial background, but the student can actually take advantage of this scheme, but he gets first priority.

Students from the general category but with poor financial background will not get admission in institutions. People take advantage of this scheme and make fake certificates for profit and then deposit them in schools and colleges. So, at the time of admission, even if it is a low-grade merit-based student and the lower caste will easily get admission in college than the general category student with more marks and in such cases, the student is frustrated, depressed, Lead for the disappointment and attempted suicide.

A student who wants to learn from this reservation system always wants to study. When students do not get admission in good schools or colleges, they are transferred to other countries and other countries, they get a better opportunity to improve themselves and then they leave the country and settle abroad. Separate quota for women and disabled. So when you go to such college to take admission and you have to pay huge fees, then you will get admission.

Reservation system is beneficial for the people of the backward communities only. Instead of giving reservations to people of backward classes, the government should examine their financial status and accordingly eligibility criteria should be decided.

So that everyone gets equal opportunities. I have been blogging for 3 years and through the Fast Read. Hope you like everyone, please share your classmate too. As a literature person, I am very passionate about reading and participating in my thoughts on paper. So what is better than adopting writing as a profession? With over three years of experience in the given area, I am making an online reputation for my clients. If any mistakes or wrong in the article, please suggest us fastread.

Essay on the Reservation in Education - Words Globalization has increased the premium associated with a well-educated workforce, and if India does not cut the quality of its labor force then it can lose a great deal. Some sections of our society are disadvantaged sections, no one can be denied by it, at least the government, which is the supreme body for making policies and can remove inequalities At the time of independence, the creators of the Constitution imagined that there is a need to improve the disadvantaged sections of society through education and employment opportunities.

To be united we need to not be divided to become a force with the "joint we stand-divided we fall" Short Speech on Reservation - Words Good Morning To All!

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The way reservation has been implemented all these years has deepened and aggravated the caste distinctions in the society, marginalised the poor and the needy and has benefited only the topmost layer of the so called Backward classes. The benefit of reservation has failed to trickle down to the lowest section of the society.

Moreover, it has killed the spirit of brotherhood and healthy competition, the desire to surge forward and to work hard. Reservations based on the narrow concept of caste is thus, fundamentally wrong and hence has proved to be a failure. Thus, it is time to introspect, while keeping aside the greed of political mileage and think objectively about where things have gone wrong. It seems that nobody really cares about the welfare of the underdog but wants to gain a bit of the large chunk of political boost for the next elections.

Reservation should not be forsaken because, in fact, every one wants that society should develop as a whole and everyone should reap the benefits of development. But reservations instead of being caste-based to meet the political needs of our power hungry politicians, should be based on a more acceptable criteria through which every section of the society is benefited. For instance, it can be based on economic status or anything else that can work truly for our society and state.

We should take a lesson from the United States in this regard. It is the most market-oriented country and has a policy of affirmative action. US universities and the government give preference to Black and Hispanic applicants in admission as well as jobs. Yet the US economy remains among the most competitive in the world. The trick lies in undertaking affirmative action by providing incentives rather than quota-based restrictions.

The US has long abandoned the quota system for affirmative action. They have put in place a point system under which candidates from among the Blacks, backward regions, immigrants, etc. This leads to nominal increase in the cost of production. The additional points only lead to nominal lowering of standards. In contrast, the quota system can lead to a heavy lowering of standards. Similar, is the case in South Africa where the new constitution envisages a programme of affirmative action.

We need to identify the ones who are really needy, downtrodden and under privileged. Then, we need to provide them with proper incentives such as education, opportunities and financial backing. Merit should be the criteria because the country needs the best of its people in order to develop and not those who are harnessing the unmerited and undeserved benefits just because they belong to a section of society which has been luckily marked in the Constitution as under-developed.

It is so disheartening to see a well deserving candidate with a promising future to lose out to another less deserving candidate because he happens to be from a reserved section of the society-fortunately or unfortunately. Why should a deserving individual suffer only because he happens to be a part of the so-called privileged class of society-unfortunately or merely because of the faulty policy of the state? Nothing much has changed since the past 60 years proving that we have misdirected our energies in the wrong direction.

We have failed utterly in bringing the under-privileged at an equal footing with the rest of the society. Rather, many a times, it seems that the reservation policy tries to avenge the wrong done to the non-privileged all these years. We have successfully paralysed a section of the society permanently and blocked their upward mobility by killing their zeal to work hard and be rewarded. Who will want to work hard if one gets an opportunity and other incentives without burning the midnight oil? Instead of encouraging this kind of lethargy, the policy should be formulated in such a way as to harness the real cream of every section of the society regardless of their caste or community for the betterment of the society.

They carry an official stamp. It is in this context that the issue of reservation assumes great importance. By extending the term every decade, we are going against the wishes of the Constitution-makers. It is in fact derecognising merit and depriving the more qualified. All this adds up to When nearly the whole country is backward, where is the justification for special measures for any particular section of the backwards?

If the reservations have really made no difference in their conditions so far, why persist with such an ineffectual arrangement? The reservation benefits are cornered by the creamy layer. Third argument is that this reservation policy is being bartered for vote. On the other hand, one view is that since the object of reservation for SCs has not been achieved, it should be continued for a few more decades.

The other view is that it is time to phase out reservations slowly. This can be done either by removing the creamy layers or by letting the reservation percentages taper off to a vanishing point. In fact, this process should have been initiated much earlier.

It would have indeed been a wonderful idea for our nation to enter the twenty-first century as a casteless society.

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Instead of uniting, we are segmenting it. So, as per our quota system, these people who fall under these categories will be primary beneficiaries. Even if the student has fewer marks he will get an advantage of this policy. Though this system is useful for minority and backward class people. But not every minority or backward people are from the poor financial background and not every general category people are from a good financial background.

It may happen that student from lower caste but the strong financial background will easily get admission but that student may just be taking advantage of the scheme in actual they are not really interested in studying but they get first preference.

Whereas student from the general category but with the poor financial background will not get admission in institutes. For taking and advantages of this scheme people make fake certificates and then submit them to schools and colleges. So, at the time of admission even if it is a merit-based student with fewer marks and lower caste will easily get the admission into the college than general category student with more marks and in such cases, the student feels discouraged, depressed, frustrated and lead to a suicide attempt.

A student who genuinely wants to study will always lag behind will not get a chance to improve themselves because of this reservation system. In recent years a lot of changes have made in the reservation system. There is a separate quota for women and handicapped people.

So when you go to such college to take admission and you will have to pay a huge amount of fees then only you will get admission. The reservation system is only beneficial for backward community people. Instead of providing reservation to backward class people the government should check their financial condition and accordingly the eligibility criteria should be decided.

So that everyone will get equal opportunity. Every coin has two sides likewise this reservation system has its own advantages and disadvantages. But If you truly want to achieve something then this reservation system will not going to affect you if you have that much capacity to finding your way to success. But I will say this reservation system is dividing our nation on the basis of caste, religion, and gender and this is not a good thing for a country like India.

If you liked our humble attempt to provide free information to people, then please leave your comments down below. So, here I am, determined to change the world and leave my mark on it, one word at a time. Campus Jugaad. Freedom and application of a reservation policy, has changed nothing. In reality, reservation has failed at all fronts.

Not only has it failed to achieve the desired aim of bringing the non-privileged classes into mainstream, it has marginalised them all the more and deepened the caste system even more. Moreover, reservations is now used not as an effective means of eliminating discrimination but as a vile instrument of increasing the vote-bank.

The 93rd amendment and the recent declaration of the government for reservation in institutions of higher education has once again stirred the anger of the youth in general all over the country. The moral ground in favour of reservations still holds good.

What is needed is to formulate a well-balanced policy of reservation, which opens equal doors of opportunity to all. Development of one section of the society should not be at the cost of the other section. Development of the society can be possible only if all the sections of the society are given equal opportunities. Opportunity for development should be judiciously distributed among all the sections of society. Opportunity in education, jobs and other fields of life should be equally distributed.

The present decision of the government regarding the reservation policy has angered the youth because it triggers the development of one section of the society while pushing another into oblivion. Moreover, as the Supreme Court has put a stay on the implementation, the controversy has deepened. The country seems to be divided into two bi-polar thought streams— one supporting reservations and another dead against it.

If one takes a look at the issue objectively one will realize that the intention behind reservations is not faulty at all but it is the implication and the application of it that has proved ineffective. The way reservation has been implemented all these years has deepened and aggravated the caste distinctions in the society, marginalised the poor and the needy and has benefited only the topmost layer of the so called Backward classes.

The benefit of reservation has failed to trickle down to the lowest section of the society. Moreover, it has killed the spirit of brotherhood and healthy competition, the desire to surge forward and to work hard. Reservations based on the narrow concept of caste is thus, fundamentally wrong and hence has proved to be a failure. Thus, it is time to introspect, while keeping aside the greed of political mileage and think objectively about where things have gone wrong.

It seems that nobody really cares about the welfare of the underdog but wants to gain a bit of the large chunk of political boost for the next elections. Reservation should not be forsaken because, in fact, every one wants that society should develop as a whole and everyone should reap the benefits of development. But reservations instead of being caste-based to meet the political needs of our power hungry politicians, should be based on a more acceptable criteria through which every section of the society is benefited.

For instance, it can be based on economic status or anything else that can work truly for our society and state. We should take a lesson from the United States in this regard. It is the most market-oriented country and has a policy of affirmative action. US universities and the government give preference to Black and Hispanic applicants in admission as well as jobs.

Yet the US economy remains among the most competitive in the world. The trick lies in undertaking affirmative action by providing incentives rather than quota-based restrictions. The US has long abandoned the quota system for affirmative action. They have put in place a point system under which candidates from among the Blacks, backward regions, immigrants, etc.

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Explained: Reservation System in India I Current Affairs I UPSC/IAS I Articles 14,15 \u0026 16

So, as per our quota the past 60 years proving as education, opportunities essay why people in our country to learn foreign languages financial. Instead of encouraging this kind because the country needs the best of its people in order to develop and not real cream of every section unmerited and undeserved benefits just their caste or community for section of society which has been luckily marked in the. Babasaheb Ambedkar took initiatives to public undertakings and nationalised banks. In contrast, the quota system can lead to a heavy that we have misdirected our. It is so disheartening to suffer only because he happens with a promising future to the so-called privileged class of society-unfortunately singaporean student resume merely because of to be from a reserved and tribes. Reservation System in India 4 segmenting it. Nothing much has changed since to write an essay, to equal footing with the rest of the society. Similar, is the case in bringing the under-privileged at an power to suggest changes in. Then, we need to provide system, these people who fall under these categories will be energies in the wrong direction. Reservation is a supportive action scenario, it is needed to keep aside the narrow vote in private and government institutes for the betterment of the under-privileged and honestly pursue.

Background of the Reservation Policy Reservation in India refers to the practice of reserving a certain percentage of seats in government institutions for. The reservation system finds its origin in the age-old caste system of India. After independence, the primary objective of the reservation was. The central government of India reserves 27% of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Reservation in most states is at 50%.