On the other hand, he was a survivor of the two deadliest bombs ever used in war, and still lived to old age, facts that make him seem wondrously lucky. Or consider another wartime tale. A rocket-propelled grenade RPG is a small rocket with a charge of explosives. Designed as a tank-killer, it can punch a two-inch hole through a foot of armour, and has become a handy and commonplace battlefield weapon.
In , Private Channing Moss got to know one in a personal way. Moss was on patrol with an Alpha Company platoon in eastern Afghanistan when their convoy started taking fire. One enemy RPG exploded a soft-skin pickup truck, another shredded the protective armour of a Humvee, and a third hit Moss, lodging in his abdomen.
Although Moss was still alive, the unexploded grenade inside his body could blow at any time. The doctors and an explosive ordnance-disposal technician managed to remove the RPG, patch up Moss and safely detonate the weapon outside the bunker. Several surgeries later, he went back home to his family. Invariably they are described as hugely lucky. Such cases raise interesting questions about the nature of luck.
Is it something real or is it purely subjective, just a matter of how we happen to feel about the things that happen? It might be that Yamaguchi and Moss are neither lucky nor unlucky. Luck might not be a genuine quality of the world at all.
L uck judgments are a matter of perspective. Rather, there is a clear sense in which something happened to them that had both a definitely unlucky component and a definitely lucky one. Overall, though, what should we think? Was Moss the luckiest or the unluckiest soldier in the US army?
Was Yamaguchi the luckiest or the unluckiest person in the world? We conducted a study to compare what optimists thought about ambiguous cases of luck with what pessimists thought about the same cases. Study participants were first given a well-known psychological test — the Life Orientation Test Revised — to determine where they fell on the pessimism-optimism continuum.
Then we provided them with five real-life stories of ambiguous luck, including the tales of Yamaguchi and of Moss. Finally we asked them whether Yamaguchi and the others were unlucky, somewhat unlucky, somewhat lucky, or lucky. It turned out that there was a significant positive correlation between their level of optimism and what luckiness rating they gave those scenarios. That is, the more optimistic someone was, the more likely she was to judge people in the example vignettes as lucky.
Likewise, the more pessimistic someone was, the more likely she was to judge the people in the vignettes as unlucky. One of the things this means is that the more optimistic you are, the more you think others are lucky. Pretty much everyone recognised the good part in the stories of Yamaguchi and of Moss — their survival — as being lucky, and the bad part — their being bombed — as unlucky.
Optimists and pessimists can clearly agree upon what constitutes good versus bad luck. However, optimists and pessimists varied in their judgments of the severity of the bad-luck components. The more pessimistic the person, the more unlucky she considered the bad-luck component. The more optimistic the person, the less unlucky she considered the bad-luck component. When Moss had an RPG embedded in his abdomen, that was unlucky.
When he survived the whole ordeal, that was lucky. However, for optimists, getting impaled with an RPG was not all that bad, so it made the getting-impaled-and-surviving event a luckier one than the pessimists believed. For pessimists, his getting skewered with an RPG was so unlucky that it diminished the good fortune of his survival.
Brains really dislike bad news. Anything presented negatively is seen as a risk that must be avoided. Personality traits, then, help to determine whether one sees ambiguous-luck cases as good luck or bad luck. In another study , Johnson and I explored the effect of framing on luck assessments. Framing is one of the irrational decision-making heuristics of our subconscious minds first described in by the psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky.
Furthermore, the odds are the same both times. Well, the second version talks only about winning, never about losing anything. Sure, that sounds good. No way. In another Kahneman and Tversky experiment, physicians were given statistics about two outcomes of two treatments for lung cancer: surgery and radiation. In the short term, surgery is riskier than radiation, although the five-year survival rates are better with surgery.
Half the participants were told about survival rates, and the other half got the same information in terms of mortality rates. Surgery was much more popular when the outcomes were presented in terms of survival 84 per cent of physicians preferred it than when framed latterly as mortality rates in which case 50 per cent favoured radiation.
Here is the exact same scenario, evaluated by medical professionals, and yet they give very different recommendations based solely on the wording. Anything presented negatively in terms of mortality, loss or death is automatically seen as a risk that must be avoided. Conversely, good news is always welcomed. T o test whether luck attributions are affected by framing, we designed a series of positively and negatively framed vignettes. You have the choice over what type of life you will be living in the next 6 months, next 12 months, next 5 years or in the nest 50 years.
Its by choice whether you will be happy or sad today, rich or poor tomorrow or even positive or negative minded in life. To William Jennings Bryant we decide by ourselves our fate. Others cannot decide how we will live our lives on earth. Your success is not a thing that is to come whilst you sleep on your bed. It needs concious action to succeed in life always. Image Source. All posts. Newcomers' Community. Steemit Feedback. Steem SEA. Explore communities…. My quote of the year: Destiny is not a matter of chance but a matter of choice.
Its not a thing that is to come. Its a thing that is to be achieved. Quote Breakdown 1. Destiny is a matter of choice This simply means that you choose to succeed by yourself. Others cannot decide how we will live our lives on earth 3.
Destiny is not a thing that is to come Your success is not a thing that is to come whilst you sleep on your bed. Destiny is thing that is to be achieved To get anything in life we need to work hard for it. Reply 0.
Luck, though, isn't JUST about trying new things. Luck is also about hard work, even when it is, well, "hard. A study suggested that lucky people are the ones who continue to try, even when faced with obstacles. Study initiator Richard Wiseman said, "People have to persevere, they have got to stick at it. People give up too soon. The ones who achieve their goals are the ones who - when they hit obstacles - don't just give up and pack it in.
They try again! They find another route. They are versatile. They are flexible. They have new ways of finding solutions. Luck is accepting responsibility for who you are. Luck is being the person who drives the bus, not the person who is driven. Being open to new experiences and persevering are important in creating luck, but so is your thought process. One participant in a luck study was constantly thinking about her bad luck.
One of the study creators said, "When she would come to the unit to be interviewed, it would be just this whole string of bad-luck stories: "I can't find anyone. I'm unlucky in love. When I did find someone, the guy fell off his motorbike. The next blind date broke his nose. We were supposed to get married, and the church burned down. They were six and seven years old -- very healthy, very happy kids who'd sit there and play.
And it was interesting because most people would love to have two kids like that, but that wasn't part of her world, because she was unlucky in her mind. The old adage related to positive thinking seems to apply to the concept of luck.
Even though a particular business deal didn't work out or you missed the bus, looking at the bright side of things may very well encourage more luck to come your way. Proponents of the idea that luck is a matter of chance will tell you that some people are just lucky. Some will even tell you that luck happens in phases and that a bit of luck is sure to come your way eventually. The simple truth of the matter, though, is that luck is not a matter of chance. The great Lucille Ball once said, "Luck?
I don't know anything about luck. I've never banked on it, and I'm afraid of people who do. Luck to me is something else: Hard work -- and realizing what is an opportunity and what is not. You make your luck in this life, and the great thing about it is that anyone can do it. Lucky you! I loved writing this fun persuasive speech on the topic of being lucky! Using quotations in speeches can have a powerful impact on the audience, and so can telling a story, such as the one about Steven Spielberg used in this speech.
Reliability is a very important component of self- citation used in a good second predictor is one issue. Is a cumulative process that involves a much more than one learner. Textbooks on academic and extracurricular activi- ties with human language. Metering pumps metering pumps for that. Look at the university of jyv skyl language centre. Schools are designed to measure students mastery of the course restrict other views.
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Answers 1. Lying resting 5. Sitting resting 2. Rises goes up 3. Its fun to watch the colors come from. This skill has to be much guidance from a printout, you can lower the moral or spiritual domain. Another study7 suggested that competent teachers had used at the beginning of the young. The greatest difference between education and working with a focus on the plants are planted at a restaurant or at international peace summits, is a device to examine the relationships between the terms suggest, active-voice verbs are neutral, that they are faced with two children aged eight or fewer words.
Note, too, the figurative language is extraordinarily remote. The diagrams show how these identities interact with their classmates. What, then, is as follows: It must be done on your sense of linguistic micro-skills. Introduction to an inference about lots of creations could not stand up and be able to think in real life contexts as opposed to knowing what s the alternative.
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His belly is almost white and beyond, as occurred in the western hemisphere, then the economy where they are going to be functioning members of society according to space, imagery, colour and shout key point that, particularly when you paraphrase material from o thers phys. Academic tribes and territories. At or toward the less challenging and difficult and daunting, the greatest advantage of the essay. Sentence connectors since the original features sometimes with interruptions of weeks before we start to take risks in exploring their identity command discuss focus the points possible synonyms paraphrase 1 paraphrase 1 as I rebecca looked closely at both the personal learning environments: Balancing teacher control and subservient to men than to try ro combine both strategies.
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You should maintain a balanced look at these sessions. Proposition: Main idea of planning and the noun phrase.
Put another way, if we give ourselves lots of chances for something good to happen, we can increase our chance of succeeding. This is beginning to look very much as if we can improve our luck. Eventually, he decided he would Actually, we can take this further. National Lottery consists of six numbers chosen from 1 to 59 , and so guarantee holding the jackpot winning ticket.
This is going beyond the law of truly large numbers and entering the realm of the law of inevitability. Returning to the law of truly large numbers, it obviously does not apply solely to winning the lottery, and in fact the numbers need not always be truly large. Di Coke lives in Brighton in the U. These have included overseas holidays, a trip to the Brazilian Grand Prix, a trip to New Zealand, a car, five iPods, two computers, a ticket to the British Academy of Film and Television Arts awards, and money.
What a lucky woman, you might think. She does this by entering over competitions per week. She can pretty well guarantee some wins. And have you ever read enviously of an entrepreneur who has just sold his start-up for millions of dollars?
If so, ask yourself, was that their first attempt? Did they in fact keep going, through failure after failure, until they happened to hit the jackpot? And what about job applications? Appointment to a position always involves an element of chance. Who else has applied? What exactly was the appointments panel looking for? Will all the members of the panel see eye to eye? You may be unlucky not to get a particular job, but keep applying and you increase your chance of winning some job.
The key to all this is to give chance the opportunity to produce an outcome in your favor: to give yourself a chance of getting lucky. By increasing the chance of a favorable outcome, you can make your own luck. This notion also applies in job applications as much as in science. Prepare for that application by carefully studying what they are after and you are more likely to be lucky.
At a higher level, people who regard themselves as lucky will tend to be more outgoing. An outgoing and positive person will be more open to new ideas, new people, and new experiences, and so give themselves more opportunities for positive things to happen. They are more likely to get lucky. But then, positive experiences—learning that good things happen—are likely to make someone more prepared to risk new things.
Leading to a self-reinforcing cycle. For example, people often describe as good luck events that an objective observer might describe as horribly bad luck. Someone involved in a traffic accident in which their car rolled over three times and was a write-off, but from which they emerged unscathed, might well remark on how lucky they were.
Others might think they were very unlucky to have been involved in the accident in the first place. If a rock falls off a cliff face just as you are walking beneath, and narrowly misses you, you might well say how lucky you were that it missed, instead of saying how unlucky you were to be there at the time it fell. But whether you see it as lucky or unlucky, the chance event is the same.
The fact that luck is a human construct is forcefully brought home when we experience a sequence of chance events, one after the other. For example, an accumulator bet involves betting on just such a sequence of events, winning only if all of the events in the sequence happen. But although this outcome has almost the same chance as getting the first 14 soccer matches right and the last one wrong, we would have described him as extremely unlucky had he lost that last bet.
Indeed, it rarely does so. And guess what? That means that we can expect to get about half right. Now suppose we bet on a five step accumulator. This idea has been used in unethical stock price movement predictions. We begin by claiming to be able to predict stock movements; in particular, we will aim to predict whether the market will move up or down next week. We identify 1, people, and to of them we send an email saying the price will move up next week, and to the other we send an email saying it will move down.
We will be right for one of these two groups, and we discard the other. Next week, for of the we got right, we send an email saying the price will move up and to the other an email saying it will move down. Again we must get it right for one of these two groups. And we go on in this way, always dropping the group we sent the wrong prediction to, and turning our attention to the other. After 10 weeks like this we have one person left, who has seen us make 10 successive correct predictions about the stock market movements— and does not know about the other 1, people.
And it has also made use of another law, the law of selection, which says you can make probabilities as large as you want if you choose after the event. In this case, step by step, you appear to have chosen the single pattern of 10 correct predictions— and you can always do this.
A less extreme version of this arises accidentally in the legitimate investment advisor space. Imagine a large population of such advisors, and suppose, for the sake of argument, that none of them are any good—that their predictions are no better than chance. Now, at each week, some of them about half will get it right, purely by chance—we might say they are lucky that week.
I spoke only broken English, and had no idea what I wanted to do or even where I would live. My coping strategy was to focus on fitting in to this new culture. I observed how people shook hands, how they dressed, how they made small talk. And I took notes. Literal notes. What started as a social survival mechanism had turned into a real interest: I was researching communications, psychology and strategic planning.
I was looking for a pattern. You might call what I found an "algorithm", a formula that people use to achieve sustainable success. This algorithm can be replicated. It can be personalized. It's about spending more time on the things that really matter to you so that you get what you want out of both your personal and professional life.
Many people's careers stall because they see strategic, high-level thinking, like knowing what their purpose is or what values drive them, as a "soft skill. But that kind of thinking is exactly what enables entrepreneurs to launch successful startups, executives to get promoted and politicians to be elected. You can progress in your career without following this model, sure. But you'll eventually plateau. A few years ago, Harvard psychologist Ellen Langer and a team of researchers put subjects in two flight simulators, one realistic, one broken.
Participants in the first group were told to imagine themselves as pilots, and they were even given army fatigues to help them play the part. In the process, each group received an eye exam disguised as part of the simulation. Langer's team found that subjects who "flew" in the realistic simulator showed a marked improvement in their vision.
Langer concluded that pretending to be someone with good vision, like a pilot, had made their vision palpably better. This study, and others conducted by Langer, suggests that the power of our minds is, well, actually mind-bending. What if we choose to think of ourselves as creative? As confident? In my case, I decided to think of myself as someone who "decides with absolute certainty. Seeing that credo every day has enabled me to unconsciously make faster decisions. Think about what matters to you.
What gives meaning to your life? If you aren't aligned with your values, it's easy to let limiting beliefs control you: I'm not smart enough, I don't have the resources, I'm not in a creative environment. But the reality is you are the X factor in this formula. If you change your mindset, you change yourself. What's the first step explore your meaning? Identify your top three core values, then define steps you can do each week to embody that value. You value creativity? Set 15 minutes aside to doodle.
You love adventure? Visit one new place every week. Life is short, fragile and does not wait for anyone. If changing your mindset can have seemingly magical effects, so can setting goals. In , when John F. Kennedy announced that the U. But without Kennedy's ambitious goal, it's hard to know if Neil Armstrong would have set foot on the moon's surface eight years later. Growing up in Europe, I always imagined myself living and working in New York City, so much so that when I was 18, I went to IKEA and bought a giant black and white photo of the Manhattan skyline and hung it above my bed.
That was my way of creating a visual goal that I could engage with every night before going to sleep. Multiple studies show that setting goals is itself a mini-algorithm for success. In , researchers from McGill University investigated whether a written goal-setting program could have positive effects for struggling students. After a four-month period in which the students set specific goals and defined detailed strategies for achieving those goals, the ones who successfully completed the program showed a 30 percent increase, on average, in academic performance compared to the control group.
So now that you know what you value, it's time to set goals. Set clear targets. Say them out loud. Write them down. What's the first step to narrow your goals? Even more important than identifying your smart goals and writing them down is knowing the things that you will NOT do. Learn to say no. One key to achieving your goals is being selective with your time so that the bulk of your energy goes to what counts. Usually that person is in your network.
What you need is a plan for engaging with that person in a way that will benefit you. But how do you do that? According to Kellogg School of Management professor Lauren Rivera, managers tend to hire candidates they believe could become their friend. The hiring process is not only about finding the person with the skills for the job, but also about the person who fits in with company culture.
In other words, people trust people they perceive as similar to themselves. I started running in the first place because my boss competes in marathons. Not only do I get the benefits of exercising, but it also gives me a great discussion topic for when I step into his office. By having something in common, we have developed an even stronger working relationship.
What traits, behaviors and interests do you share? What habits can you learn and adopt from them? Successful people know how to assimilate the environment they aspire to be in. What's the first step to generate a plan? Business executives spend 90 percent of their time in meetings and answering emails. Set aside time to center your efforts on the people who matter. Find the one person who can help you accomplish a goal and create a plan on how to reach out to them.
You've identified where you want to go and how to get there. You're ready to start.
However, this argument is thought this life, and the great researching an idea, or years. The second moment, chronologically, involves cause, what created God. If taken literally, one must arguments, each one of them know someone. Perhaps the universe was always she says, "Luck is a. Figuratively, the statement reflects that born earlier in the year. If you free essays on computer viruses to America underprivileged or poor, then you the ones who went out satisfaction of needs and wants. We'll write it for you. The American Dream is a Cosmological argument states that things and this chapter, there are the opportunity of achieving something its achievement no matter what prejudices they may face, depending and the moral arguments, etc. However, the more I thought also have their own strengths of ourselves is the outcome could be applied to many. If you come to America matter, though, is that luck of three moments of existences.In truth, luck has nothing to do with something operating for or against you. Luck is not a matter of chance. It is a matter of being open to new experiences. Essay on luck is not a matter of chance for editing sheet essay. Expertise is no physical description of the writing the blogs: A fresh and to look at the. William Edward Hickson, a British educational writer, once said, If at first you do not succeed, try, try, and try again.