essay on federalism in india

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Essay on federalism in india career progression essay samples

Essay on federalism in india

It was done to ensure that the people speaking same language should reside in same state. It led to formation of some states that were created not on the basis of language but to recognise differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography. It includes states like Nagaland, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand.

There was fear of disintegration by some national leaders in our country when there was demand for the formation of states on the basis of language was raised. Earlier central government resisted linguistic states but the experience has shown that their formation has made country more united and integrated. It made administration procedure easier and opened doors of opportunities for everybody. Language policy: — Our constitution has not given the status of national language to any one language.

Language policy proved second major test for India federation and finally Hindi was identified as the official language of the country. Hindi, the official language of country proved to be mother tongue of only 40 percent of India and therefore there were many safeguards to protect other languages. Besides Hindi, constitution recognized 21 another languages as scheduled languages.

All the states had their own official language and much of government work took place in the official language of the concerned states. Our leaders adopted a cautious and vigilant attitude in spreading the use of Hindi in India. According to Indian constitution, the usage of English for official use has to be stopped by but many non-Hindi speaking states resented it violently and wanted to continue with English.

In Tamil Nadu, the movement took ugly turn as it turned into violent agitation. Thereafter, Central government responded positively and agreed to continue with usage of English along with Hindi for official purposes. But still Government of India continues to have encouraged the promotion of Hindi in their official policy. It does not mean that central government can impose Hindi on states where people speaks their own regional languages. Centre State Relations: — The concept of federalism was strengthened to large extent by restructuring of centre and state governments relationships.

It also largely depends on how the leaders of ruling party follow these arrangements. In India, the same party ruled both at the centre and at the most of the states. It means that the state governments did not exercise their rights as autonomous federal units.

There were occasions where the parties at centre and state were different and in such cases central government tried to undermine the powers of state government. In those days, central government misused the constitution to dismiss the state governments that were governed by opposition parties.

It undermined the spirit of federalism to large extent. After , there was significant changes as the country saw the rise of regional parties in many states of the country. It was the arrival of the era of coalition governments at the centre. It led to new culture of power sharing and created a respect for the autonomy of state governments. This new trend was supported by a major judgment of Supreme Court that made difficult for Central government to dismiss state governments in an illogical manner.

These subjects are computer software that came much after the formation of constitution in India. According to our constitution, Union government has the power to legislate on these left over or untapped subjects. Generally, it is learnt that holding together federations do not give equal power to its constituents so all states in Indian Union does not have identical powers.

Jammu and Kashmir has its own constitution and enjoys special status and many provisions of Indian constitution are not applicable in this state. There are some units of Indian Union that enjoys very little power and these are areas which are too small to be recognized as an Independent state and could not merged with any other states.

They are referred to as Union Territories and include areas like Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Delhi, capital city of India. These territories do not have the powers of the state as Union or Central Government runs these areas with their special powers. It is not easy to make changes to the power sharing arrangements of Union and state governments as it has to be passed with both the houses of parliament with at least two-third majority. After its approval from both the houses of parliament, it has to be authorized or ratified by the legislatures of at least half of the total seats.

In case of disputes about the division of powers, the High court and Supreme Court makes the decisive decision. Both Union and State governments have the power to raise resources by imposing taxes in order to carry on the government and the tasks allocated to them. Federalism in India. Accessed July 23, Federalism in India Categories: Federalism India. Download paper.

Essay, Pages 7 words. Turn in your highest-quality paper Get a qualified writer to help you with. Get quality help now. Verified writer. Proficient in: Federalism. Deadline: 10 days left. Number of pages. Email Invalid email. Cite this page Federalism in India. The geographical setting of the two countries is no more a barrier and the credit goes to the perpetually evolving technology which has abridged the factor of distance greatly,.

India is a Quasi federal with strong partiality towards Centre. A unitary state is a state governed by a single power that is the central government and other administrative divisions follow the powers delegated by the central government. Some of the unitary features of the Indian constitution are single citizenship, a strong centre, single constitution for union and the states, centre having the power to change the name and boundaries of the states, single unified judiciary to function as unitary.

When Britain oppressed India, they had a divide-and-conquer policy that exacerbated the religious and cultural rifts that already existed in the society. The United States Constitution established a form of government called federalism.

In a federalist government, political systems divide and share power and resources between central and regional governments. A federalist government is very unique and contrasts with other government types such as a unitary and confederate government.

Overall the balance. His government faces daunting challenges -- both old and new. Let us start with the old challenges. Foreign policy of each country is driven by its national interest. Both India and China prefer a seamlessly friendly government in Kathmandu, which is not possible given their strategic contest and territorial conflict. This creates an irreconcilable foreign policy problem for Nepal.

This problem has been so as old as the. India has a federal form of government, and hence a federal finance system. The essence of federal form of government is that the Centre and the State Governments should be independent of each other in their respective, constitutionally demarcated spheres of Action.

Once the fundamentals of the government are spelt out, it becomes equally important that each of the government should be provided with sources of raising adequate revenues to discharge the functions entrusted to it. For the successful.

In a Federal setup like India, Centre-State relations carry a lot of importance and weightage in governance. A carry-forward of the British era, the institution of the Governor is not merely a figurehead, but performs the important function of being an intermediary between the Centre and the State. Unfortunately, the post has lost much respect and consideration nowadays. Federalism is a type of government where the power is divided between local governments and federal governments.

The U. While this type of practice has its upsides, it has downsides as well as alternatives. One alternative to a federal system would be a unitary system. While a federal government such as the one in the U. Home Page Research Federalism in India. Federalism in India Words 14 Pages.

India is a big country characterized by cultural, regional, linguistic and geographical diversities.

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Ogden revealed the power to regulate commerce extends to every type of commercial intercourse between the United States and Foreign states. It does not extend nor limit the use of navigation, winds and sail or steam and fire. In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden, taxation and regulation was very important when the case first emerged. Maryland on both sides of the lawsuit, agreed that the President, directors, or the company in the bank be able to adopt Baltimore Branch, office of discount, deposit as long as Maryland had adopted the Constitution in its state.

Chief Justice Marshall decided that Congress did in fact, have right to establish a national bank as an implied power under the Necessary and Proper Clause because the bank was being used to further Congress' constitutional authority to tax and distribute funds. The Constitution does not prohibit the exercise of implied powers necessary to assist in The fiscal arrangements in India have evolved in a quasi-federal system to meet the requirements of centralized planning in a mixed economy structure and their sources of revenue for both Centre and State were clearly demarcated with regard to the financial relationship and the responsibilities between them.

Our constitution provides residual powers to the Centre and makes clear division of fiscal powers between the Centre and the State Governments. Through various source of revenue to government, the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Finance Commission for the purpose of allocation of certain resources of revenue between the Union and the State Governments. The Article and explain the financial relations between the Union and the State Government.

Although the states have been assigned certain taxes which are levied and collected by them, they also share in the revenue of certain union taxes and there are certain other taxes which are levied and collected by the Central Government but whole proceeds are transferred to the states. In India , the Centre-State financial relationship relates to the distribution of power in resource mobilization between the Centre and States as also the sharing of Carmen Torres Prof.

I will talk about how it helps our political system and if it does us any good. How has federalism changed the behavior to our American society? Does federalism affect us or does it help us see a better political view? Things like this is something I would be covering in my paper. Everything you need to know about federalism I would be talking about it in this paper. Federalism , what does federalism mean to you?

Federalism is a political system that helps the government maintain independence for everyone. This means that the government has used a new way to help out the government to handle the independence and to set a good federation for the people. Federalism to me is to help out the people maintain a good set of rules and not have the government handle all the rules for the people. They need to let the people know that others, other than the government, are out there to help them and protect them of their rights.

American federalism was created on when the constitution was made. They did not want the confederal or the unitary models for the government that is when they chose to go with Federalism Federalism is a form of government that was created during the US Constitution. Federalism is essentially an agreement of powers between the national and state governments. Each of which the governments enforce their own laws, although neither of the two governments can alter their arrangement without the approving.

There are specific powers that are handled directly by the national government, while others are dealt with by the state government. Now, when powers are held by both governments it is called concurrent powers. Although it is said that the national government is supreme the state government also has the same sovereignty on certain issues.

Federalism began when the Constitution of the United States began to develop. It was a compromise of powers between state and national governments. The main reason for federalism was to be sure that one government did not hold more power over the other. So by separating the powers of the government it avoided it, as well as preserved our personal liberty.

Rather than the national government getting its powers from the states, or the other way around where the state gets its power from the national government, they receive it from the people. As this is a system of government for the people, by the people. The advantages and disadvantages of federalism have always been up for debate by the people.

Introduction Federalism in the United States has evolved quite a bit since it was first implemented in Two major kinds of federalism have dominated political theory. There is dual federalism , in which the federal and the state governments are co-equals. Under this theory, there is a very large group of powers belonging to the states, and the federal government is limited to only those powers explicitly listed in the Constitution. As such, the federal government has jurisdiction only to the extent of powers mentioned in the constitution.

Under the second theory of federalism known as cooperative federalism , the national, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems. Cooperative federalism asserts that the national government is supreme over the states. Regardless of the kind of federalism , the Constitution does provide some very specific powers to both the states and the federal government.

Once the fundamentals of the government are spelt out, it becomes equally important that each of the government should be provided with sources of raising adequate revenues to discharge the functions entrusted to it. For the successful. In a Federal setup like India, Centre-State relations carry a lot of importance and weightage in governance. A carry-forward of the British era, the institution of the Governor is not merely a figurehead, but performs the important function of being an intermediary between the Centre and the State.

Unfortunately, the post has lost much respect and consideration nowadays. Federalism is a type of government where the power is divided between local governments and federal governments. The U. While this type of practice has its upsides, it has downsides as well as alternatives.

One alternative to a federal system would be a unitary system. While a federal government such as the one in the U. Home Page Research Federalism in India. Federalism in India Words 14 Pages. Both the Centre and the States are co-operating and coordinating institutions having independence and ought to exercise their respective powers with mutual adjustment, respect, understanding and accommodation.

Tension and conflict of the interests of the Centre and the respective units is an integral part of federalism. Prevention as well as amelioration of conflicts is necessary. Thus, the Indian federalism was devised with a strong Centre. Federalism with a strong Centre was inevitable as the framers of the Indian Constitution were aware that there were economic disparities as several areas of India …show more content… It is stipulated in the Constitution that India will be a Union of States Art.

The Constitution, thus postulated India as a Union of States and consequently, the existence of federal structure of governance for this Union of States becomes a basic structure of the Union of India. Ambedkar, the principal architect of the Constitution observed- the use of the word Union is deliberate. The Drafting Committee wanted to make it clear that though India was to be a federation , the federation was not a result of an agreement by the States to join in the federation and that the federation not being the result of an agreement no state has a right to secede from it.

Though the country and the people may be divided into different states for convenience of administration the whole country is one integral whole, its people a single people living under a single imperium derived from a single source. Federal Features of the Constitution of India. The Constitution makes a distribution of powers between the Union and the States, the jurisdiction of each being demarcated by the Union, State and Concurrent lists Specified in Seventh Schedule-Constitution of India.

In case of a conflict between the two legislatures over a matter in the Concurrent list, the will of the Parliament prevails. The supremacy of the Constitution- the hallmark of a federation- is an important feature of the Indian polity. Neither the Central government nor the State Governments can override or contravene.

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This government had the power to tax, regulate trade and commerce, and coin a national currency with a majority vote versus a unanimous vote. This is known as the separation of powers. The central government was divided into the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch was responsible for making and passing laws.

It was made up of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The legislative branch also approves treaties, declares war, grants money and confirms presidential appointments. Each branch of the government needs to carefully make the right decisions as they are ultimately representing the country and the people as a whole.

Article I of the Confederation is about the Legislative Branch, its purpose is to make laws that would help our country. The Legislative Branch can print money, raise an army, declare war, and control commerce, it is also the only Branch of Government that can create new laws or change existing laws. The Legislative Branch is split into two houses: the Senate and the House of. However, my aim within this essay is to, both, highlight to advantages of parliamentarism, and to also give my opinion as to why this system is better when compared and contrasted with the aforementioned systems.

According to Hague and Harrop , p. Secondly, the parliamentary executives, the cabinet minister and the Prime Minister, share responsibilities. The United States government is best defined as a federal constitutional republic. As a constitutional republic, the U. As a federal republic, the control stands by the people throughout the voting process of electing the federal and state officials.

The federal government is limited by the distribution of authority within the states as outlined in the Constitution. Although many people like to call the United States a democracy, this is not the case, because the public does not directly control legislation. The two houses that are in the Legislative branch are the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Together they form Congress. The role of the Legislative branch is to make laws for the nation. In order to become a part of one of these Houses, a member of the House of Representative or Senator must be elected by the people in their state. In article 1 section 2, it states that members of the House. Member of the Judicial branch are appointed by the President. The judicial branch oversees the court system of the U.

Through court cases, the judicial branch explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress The Judicial branch is basically the referee. It is there to clarify the rules and to be sure that both sides are acting fair.

The main body of the Judicial branch is the supreme court. The other way that you can see their altering perspective are in the government policies. The Jeffersonian Republic passed their governmental policies. That reflected with what Alexander Hamilton stated on his perspectives of the government and its power.

He distinctly stated that he believes that the situation should be controlled by the government. To resolve these differences The Great Compromise happened. The Great Compromise was a system of federalism—power is shared between the state government and the. India Federalism Essay Words 8 Pages. Federalism in India: Political Economy and Reform.

Introduction The term federalism is used to describe a system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and a state or province governing authority. It is a political concept where people are elected by the citizens so as to form a government with a representative head to control the system of government. The government of India was originated by the Constitution of India and it is the governing authority of federal union of 29 states and 7 union territories.

The government of India is based on a tiered system, the constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government that is the Union …show more content… To the degree that the essence of federalism is based on representative self-governing politics, the role of political parties in the interactions between central and state level politics is a decisive aspect of federal structures. According to Indian constitution, the usage of English for official use has to be stopped by but many non-Hindi speaking states resented it violently and wanted to continue with English.

In Tamil Nadu, the movement took ugly turn as it turned into violent agitation. Thereafter, Central government responded positively and agreed to continue with usage of English along with Hindi for official purposes. But still Government of India continues to have encouraged the promotion of Hindi in their official policy. It does not mean that central government can impose Hindi on states where people speaks their own regional languages.

Centre State Relations: — The concept of federalism was strengthened to large extent by restructuring of centre and state governments relationships. It also largely depends on how the leaders of ruling party follow these arrangements. In India, the same party ruled both at the centre and at the most of the states. It means that the state governments did not exercise their rights as autonomous federal units. There were occasions where the parties at centre and state were different and in such cases central government tried to undermine the powers of state government.

In those days, central government misused the constitution to dismiss the state governments that were governed by opposition parties. It undermined the spirit of federalism to large extent. After , there was significant changes as the country saw the rise of regional parties in many states of the country. It was the arrival of the era of coalition governments at the centre.

It led to new culture of power sharing and created a respect for the autonomy of state governments. This new trend was supported by a major judgment of Supreme Court that made difficult for Central government to dismiss state governments in an illogical manner. These subjects are computer software that came much after the formation of constitution in India.

According to our constitution, Union government has the power to legislate on these left over or untapped subjects. Generally, it is learnt that holding together federations do not give equal power to its constituents so all states in Indian Union does not have identical powers.

Jammu and Kashmir has its own constitution and enjoys special status and many provisions of Indian constitution are not applicable in this state. There are some units of Indian Union that enjoys very little power and these are areas which are too small to be recognized as an Independent state and could not merged with any other states. They are referred to as Union Territories and include areas like Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Delhi, capital city of India.

These territories do not have the powers of the state as Union or Central Government runs these areas with their special powers. It is not easy to make changes to the power sharing arrangements of Union and state governments as it has to be passed with both the houses of parliament with at least two-third majority.

After its approval from both the houses of parliament, it has to be authorized or ratified by the legislatures of at least half of the total seats. In case of disputes about the division of powers, the High court and Supreme Court makes the decisive decision. Both Union and State governments have the power to raise resources by imposing taxes in order to carry on the government and the tasks allocated to them.

Federalism in India. Accessed July 23, Federalism in India Categories: Federalism India. Download paper. Essay, Pages 7 words. Turn in your highest-quality paper Get a qualified writer to help you with. Get quality help now. Verified writer.

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